Interviews – Daily News Egypt Egypt’s Only Daily Independent Newspaper In English Thu, 07 Mar 2019 15:00:55 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Egypt is place where we would like to invest for our future: Canon EMEA President, CEO Thu, 07 Mar 2019 15:00:55 +0000 Canon Inc, the Japanese multinational, is considered to be one of the industry leaders in the manufacture of imaging and optical products, including cameras, photocopiers, printers, and recently, medical equipment.  Daily News Egypt interviewed Yuichi Ishizuka, the president and CEO of Canon Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA), during his visit to Egypt, to find …

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Canon Inc, the Japanese multinational, is considered to be one of the industry leaders in the manufacture of imaging and optical products, including cameras, photocopiers, printers, and recently, medical equipment. 

Daily News Egypt interviewed Yuichi Ishizuka, the president and CEO of Canon Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA), during his visit to Egypt, to find out more about the company’s latest plans in Egypt and the region. The transcript for which is below, lightly edited for clarity:

What is the main objective of your trip to Egypt?

I became the president of Canon EMEA last April after working at the New York headquarter, so I have been in this position for 10 months only. Last year was very busy as we were trying to know the status quo for the business situation, and in order to decide the direction of our business this year, and how as a company we will be doing business for the future.

I define it to three main regions, western countries, Eastern Europe, as well as the developing business group, which are Africa, the Middle East, and Russia. Our area of operation covers more than 130 countries, and we want to be positioned in the best way to meet the demands of our customers, and tailor our way of doing business based on different regions.

Africa is one of the areas where we are going to invest for the future, not only for our future as the company, but for the growing future of the region, that is why I wanted to start visiting African countries. As you know, I receive various reports about these countries, so I know the numbers, yet I would like to see the situation of those countries with my own eyes in order to understand the real situation. Throughout my long years of experience in business, I learned that I have to see first before making decisions, which is my responsibility.

How do you view Africa’s growth potential?

I just arrived to Cairo today, but on my way here from the airport, I can feel the energy in the place. My first impression, is yes there is potential for our business, and Cairo is a place where we would like to invest for our future, not only for Canon, but also for the mutual benefit.

I believe that if we want to be successful in our business, we cannot only care about the benefits for our side, we also need to benefit the people who live in the country as well.

What was the main objective of creating the Canon Central and North Africa (CCNA) division?

We established this regional headquarter in 2016, because we first had to establish a base in the region where we are going to operate, and not to run it from London. Since that time, the region witnessed great growth, compared to the other areas of operations.

What we are focusing on now is how we can move on from here, in terms of investments, not only in facilities, but in people, and our employees, who are very important to our business. We have to train the employees based on our culture, and the ways of doing business in order to meet the customers’ demand in these countries.

Yuichi Ishizuka, the president and CEO of Canon Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA)

What drove your decision to enter into new areas such as health care?

As you know three years ago, we acquired Toshiba Medical Systems, which is a huge company in the medical equipment business, and we changed it into Canon Medical Systems Corporation.

Right now in Canon EMEA, we are considering the business situation and the expansion. Right now, the headquarter wants to directly communicate with customers, which means hospitals.

Health care is a very wide field, yet we are focusing only a couple of areas, which are CT, MRI, X-Ray, ultrasound and healthcare informatics.

To expand the business, we have to consider what is the best way to do so, either through a directory or through Canon EMEA, which is the discussion we are having now, because we need to modify our products to fit the demands of every region.

As a company, how did you adapt to the rise of mobile photography?

Just 20 years ago, Canon started its digital camera business, at that time I was assigned to the USA market to start this business from scratch, we had a huge business in the old analog cameras, it was a tough mission to switch to the digital.

The peak time was 2012 from the industry’s point of view, while in 2008, smartphones started to emerge, disrupting the digital cameras market. However, from my point of view, smartphones are not our enemies, they rather are a life-line for our society right now worldwide.

I believe that right now, each one has a smartphone, even little children, allowing people to take pictures, and shoot videos. Unlike the analog days, where people only had one camera and it was very expensive, and harder to access.

My point is that despite the fact that most people find the smartphone camera as good enough, yet if only a small fraction of these users, such as 10%, wanted to upgrade it for more professional cameras, this will create a new market.

I think of smartphones as the entrance for the photography world.

What is the volume of Canon’s investment and market share in the Egyptian market?

In proportion to the size of countries, Egypt is a huge country with 100 million people, and mainly young people, with over 50% of the population under 30 years old.

There is a huge growth potential here, unlike other mature European countries, or even Japan.

Currently Canon is the only brand which offers a wide product portfolio, of both input and output devices, which strongly position us in emerging business, for consumer segment which includes cameras, video cameras, and domestic printers, to professional segments.

We are enjoying a very strong position across our portfolio, being number one in terms of the camera business.

How does Egypt perform in comparison with the rest of the MENA region?

Considering the market potential, and the economic growth Egypt is going through, the country has a much higher pace compared to many other markets, because the potential is quite high, following the years of economic challenges.

Does Canon plan to launch any new products soon?

Something we have been always proud of in Canon is the fact that all of our products are designed based on the feedback that we get from our customers, so this year, we will launch new products, based on the newly launched, EOS R system, which is a revolutionary system, when it comes to the interchangeable lens camera, we also have a new pocket-sized printer called Zoemini.

Five years ago, I had a discussion with the head of the research and development for the lenses, where he suggested that we change the lens mount, which is a very big risk, because we already have 120 million people already having our EF lenses. In return, I asked him about the reason for this step, as we are already number one. He responded that this is the reason why we need to do so, we are number one, but this is a 30-year old system, we have to think about the next 30 years.

As an industry leader, we need to think about the future, 4k is now, 8k is coming, and 16k will be next, so we have to be prepared, and think about the sensor technology which will be able to handle this. In 2020, 5G will start, and 6G will follow, we will see a completely different world.

Cameras consist of three main parts, sensors, processor, and lenses, so to handle 16k, you need to have a processor, and a lens which can support that. Optical technologies are limited, only a handful of companies have it.

Do you have any expansion plans in the GCC region?

The GCC region is critical for us, we have been there for 20 years, with our regional office in Dubai, throughout our business in the UAE, we also appreciate the importance of the other GCC countries, we have also recently established our direct operations in Saudi Arabia and Qatar.

Dubai is a very strategic location for us, because from there, our operation focuses on both the Middle East and Africa. As for Saudi Arabia, it is a huge country, with its 2030 vision, we believe that there is a great potential there, we have now teams on the ground in three main cities in Saudi Arabia.

Before we expand further, we want to first to consolidate and learn from the experience.

Can you elaborate on the ways you work with the local community?

In Africa, we launched our sustainability programme called Miraisha, aiming to promote the country’s print and imaging sector, as well as support the creation of skilled jobs in the digital media industries, leading to the development of a vibrant and a growing audio-visual industry.

Miraisha Sustainability Programme aims at building the capacity and skills of people in African countries. The programme has already implemented several imaging workshops and seminars to support inspiring photographers and filmmakers by strengthening their knowledge of new innovations, and to build their professional capacity in order to find suitable jobs in the industry.

The Miraisha Sustainability Programme falls under Canon’s corporate philosophy of ‘Kyosei,’ meaning ‘living and working together for the common good,’ which allows the company to continue its strong growth in the region with new business initiatives while also promoting impactful CSR activities.

Moreover, Canon will continue expanding its reach for all the product ranges in the market, support its local partners in gaining a larger market share in both the business and consumer segments, and become the imaging market leader in Kenya and Africa.

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Time to benefit from country’s competencies to establish real gold mining industry in Egypt: Al-Nagi Tue, 05 Mar 2019 09:30:21 +0000 President Al-Sisi’s second term experiencing more facilities, incentives for investors

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Since the Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources has announced the winners in the last gold ore exploring tender conducted in April 2017, the four winning companies have not yet received their five concessions.

Without revealing the reasons behind that, official resources previously told Daily News Egypt that the Ministry of Petroleum is drafting new requirements for gold ore exploration in Egypt. Meanwhile, the four companies suspended their investments in Egypt until the government clarifies the situation of the tender.

Nabil Al-Nagi, owner of Veritas Investments Limited (VIL), one of the winning companies, spoke to Daily News Egypt about his company’s situation in the tender and evaluated the economic reform plan adopted in Egypt. VIL is investing mainly in two activities, one is a gold and silver mine in Peru, and the second is a gold trading company.

The interview’s transcript is below, lightly edited for clarity:

How do you evaluate Egypt’s position regarding the economic reform plan?

All actions that the government has taken so far aim to boost the country’s GDP growth and foreign exchange reserves which will have a positive impact on employment rates and stability of the banking system.

In the long term, these economic reforms will gradually improve the tourism and export sectors, especially natural gas exports, and improve the performance of the private sector investments.

In addition, these reforms improve the confidence in Egypt’s banking sector and stock market which has recorded unprecedented indicators since the implementation of the economic reform plan. Egypt’s stock market will be the dark horse among the global emerging markets in the coming two years especially after offering governmental companies.

What has been achieved so far since applying economic reform procedures?

The second term of President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi is witnessing the continuation of both political and economic reforms, attracting more investments, and many problems and obstacles that investors, especially foreign ones, have been facing declined.

The floatation of Egyptian pound helped to reduce the trade deficit thanks to the improvement of exports’ performance and their increasing competitiveness, thus, the demand on foreign exchange declined and the competitiveness of the domestic industry was promoted.

How did the Investment Law enhance investment environment in Egypt?

Indeed, the Investment Law protects investors, as it sets for the first time a number of incentives for investors, along with the current ones.

It also provides new techniques to deal with investment conflicts, and procedural reforms that can eradicate bureaucracy gradually, easing the procedures to embark on new investments and ensuring equal opportunities.

In this regard, this law sets out a solid basis for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), easing the financing procedures through the financial inclusion system. In addition, it offers multiple choices for investors and facilitates procedures of registration, approval, and licensing. This law is a step that reduces the time spent by the investor to launch his projects.

Likewise, the single-window system which was applied in the General Authority for Investments and Free Zones (GAFI) and the accreditation offices that opened all over Egypt were serious steps towards attracting more investments and enhancing the investment environment in general. 

At the same time, the law put methods to protect investors against any kind of arbitrary practices or abuse of power. Along with that, the ministerial committee formed to deal with investment disputes is being held twice a month instead of one time every two months, which sends a reassuring message to investors.

Undoubtedly, the Investment Law clearly guarantees equal treatment for all investors, foreign and local alike, protecting the capital through banning sequestration, seizing assets, or nationalising without a court order.

What is the current situation of your investments in Egypt after winning in the gold mining tender announced in May 2017?

In mid-July 2017, Veritas Egypt signed the first agreement to obtain exploration license, then this license was issued after a few amendments at the end of October 2017. Another version of the license was issued in mid-December 2017. But, until now, all the winning companies, including my company, have not been handed over their sites.

So, how do you see the delay in the concessions handover?

Well, I have no answer for this question as the government has not provided any explanation for this delay until now.

However, the owners knew from media that the government outsourced the Baker Mckenzie Company in 2018 to put an entire new system to benefit Egypt the most of its mineral wealth, including gold mining. The new plan will include new methods of exploring gold ore and attracting more investments in this industry. I think this is the reason why the owners have not received their concessions yet.

How do you evaluate the tender system in Egypt?

Actually, the terms of gold ore exploring that had been set in the last tender were drafted in a similar frame of oil and natural gas exploring tenders, which are not relevant to the gold mining as a high-risk industry and a long-term investment. There are key differences between the two kinds of exploration.

What is your vision of in this regard?

The new tender terms should exclude the concept of production sharing that allows the Egyptian government to obtain a share of the concession’s production and replace it by collecting royalty fees. This will be beneficial for both parties, investors and government. It’s the common technique followed in other countries’ gold mining industry.

This concept, if the government adopted it, would attract significant investments in this important industry.

What are the competencies that Egypt should obtain to have a strong gold mining industry?

Egypt is a huge country with vast and rich mineral resources. Egypt’s gold ore reserves are promising. Undoubtedly, this significant mineral wealth, especially gold ore, need to be extracted, which means that Egypt must make use of this opportunity to establish a real industry and attract many companies to explore and extract its mineral wealth, especially large companies with long experience.

All the tender winners will develop their assets and strengthen their investments to make their concessions as productive as Al Sokari gold mine.

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Affordability main reason operators in Egypt need to find business case for 5G: Ericsson MEA president Wed, 27 Feb 2019 20:13:07 +0000 Ericsson has been in Egypt since 1896, from first generation of phones to 5G, says Rafiah Ibrahim

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On the side lines of the Mobile World Congress 2019 in Barcelona, Ericsson Middle East and Africa (MEA) President Rafiah Ibrahim revealed that 5G is estimated to reach 30m subscriptions in the MEA by 2024.

“With connectivity at the heart of the industry transformation, cellular technologies have a significant role to play – not just in the evolution of communication but in the transformation of businesses and societies. Cellular technologies have a significant role to play – not just in the evolution of communication but in the transformation of businesses and societies” She told Daily News Egypt.

Daily News Egypt interviewed Rafiah Ibrahim to find out the company’s latest plans in the region, and the prospects of the 5G adoption in Egypt. The transcript for which is below, lightly edited for clarity:

How important is the Middle East and Africa region, and Egypt in particular for Ericsson?

Ericsson has been in Egypt since 1896, we started from the first generation of phones, from fixed to mobile, 2G, 3G, 4G, and now we are discussing 5G.

And now we are working with all of the telecom operators, in various areas, some in mobile, and some in transmission, our portfolio is different with every operator.

What I also see with Egypt is that the country got very good local components. That is why we have committed to set up and have local resources, as they can help with our operations not only in Egypt but also in other African countries. They have the knowledge of language, especially Arabic, while some of them know French which can be used in West Africa.

Daily News Egypt interviewed Rafiah Ibrahim to find out the company’s latest plans in the region, and the prospects of the 5G adoption in Egypt

What are the challenges facing 4G and 5G in Egypt, especially in terms of affordability?

Affordability is the main reason why each operator in the country has to find a business case for 5G before they even invest, as the first step they have to do is to buy spectrum, purchasing spectrum is the most valuable asset for an operator.

In some of the countries, we see 5G used for fixed wireless connection in places where there are no fibre connections, I do not know yet if that is suitable for Egypt.

What about infrastructure spending and information security challenges in the region, and in Egypt?

We are still discussing the frequency and spectrum with customers in Egypt, this is a discussion that the regulatory authorities would want to make sure that they allocate the correct bandwidth for 5G, as sometimes there are other users on that bandwidth.

When it comes to Egypt, the operators we collaborate with want Ericsson to do some trials for the use cases there, which point out to the fact that they are eager to adopt the technology.

They are not ready yet, but we need to make sure that regulators, along with telecom operators, come to a situation where they are ready for the auction.

In regards to the security, Ericsson works on making the data and networks more secure, in the countries where we started to roll out 5G.

Do you think that the MENA technological development lags behind other countries?

I think when MENA countries start development, they can leapfrog, the problem is that we keep comparing ourselves with others that have adopted the new technologies, North Africa in particular, even though they adopted the new technologies later but they can leapfrog easily, because they are industrialising very quickly.

Spying allegations toward the 5G network, with EU talking about banning one of your competitors, how would that effect Ericsson?

As a company, we focus on what we can do to benefit our current customers, we do not plan based on the geopolitical events, as that can change. If the opportunity comes, and operators want to work with us, we would be happy to do that. But I do not think we should be opportunistic and start hunting these cases.

How does 5G affect the way we live?

It will touch every aspect of our lives, if the government starts using it such as in water, electricity, digital identities, the means of travelling through autonomous vehicles, if the country is ready with that sort of infrastructure.

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Without 4G, it was not possible to conduct current mobile broadband: Etisalat Misr Tue, 26 Feb 2019 19:38:23 +0000 Some 5G networks needed to support massive growth in data consumption, industrial use cases, says Nelson

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On the sidelines of the second day of Mobil World Congress 2019 (MWC), Daily News Egypt interviewed the Chief Corporate Affairs Officer at Etisalat Misr, Khaled Hegazy, and the Head of Global Etisalat Customer Unit at Ericsson, Ekow Nelson. The transcript of the interview is below, lightly edited for clarity:

How would your companies promote 5G in Egypt, especially that the 4G wasn’t a huge success?

Nelson: Egypt didn’t issue any licenses for 5G yet, but our new Ericsson radio system that we launched a long time ago, is 5G ready, which means that the hardware we have for 4G only requires software upgrade to work on 5G.

Hegazy: First, allow me to disagree with you, 4G is a huge success in Egypt. The problem is with customers’ perception as they thought that the difference between 3G and 4G would be the same as it was with 2G and 3G. Unlike its predecessor, the transition from 3G to 4G wasn’t as revolutionary, but it improved the efficiency, capability, and data demand.

Without the 4G, it wouldn’t have been possible to carry the current mobile broadband, as 4G increased data consumption, even though there was no 4G specific mobile apps, in the last two years, reliance on mobile data increased tremendously.

Etisalat Misr has always been future oriented, for example our sim cards were 4G ready since we launched in the country in 2007, so when the technology was here, we were the only operator that didn’t need a sim change.

Across the networks, more than 30% increase was witnessed in the last two years, which improved Egyptian consumers user experience.

However, 5G is a different story. The use case is different. It is more of a machine to machine communication, Internet of Things (IoT), autonomous vehicles, and automated factories.

Last year, Ericsson was showcasing here in MWC a completely 5G wireless factory.

With 5G the industrial use cases would drive the demand, not the other wise, and not the handset customers.

In your opinion, when will 5G be launched in Egypt?

Hegazy: When the need is there, because a lot of IoT use cases can be used now on 3G and 4G. The real need will come when Egypt has the factories that requires such connectivity, or when we have autonomous vehicles. 5G will be commercially available as of 2020 globally.

Nelson: In fact, we started some deployment this year in the United States and allow me to add a little bit to what Hegazy said about traffic growth. In Ericsson Mobility Report 2018 that we have just launched, we predicted that by 2024, people will be consuming five folds the amount of data that they currently consume.

Therefore, you need the networks to be able to cope with that increase, so in addition to the industrial use cases of 5G, you will need some 5G networks to support the massive growth in data consumption.

What are the main challenges facing 5G deployment globally and Egypt, especially in terms of infrastructure?

Nelson: The big issue is the business case because mobile operators need to make a massive investment. They need to make sure that they secure a return on such investment, take Saudi Arabia for example, the government decided they want 5G as part of 2030 strategy, they didn’t need a business case in that situation, but in Egypt there isn’t such a mandate from the government.

Hegazy: I think you have touched on an important point here in terms of infrastructure, we do need as a country, heavier investment in infrastructure, and what we heard lately that Telecom Egypt is now focusing on that, and that would help not only 5G but for all the existing traffic.

Egypt is a huge country with 100 million population, with the new cities being built, and the increase in data usage, serious investment in infrastructure is necessary.

Does Etisalat have any plans to invest in infrastructure?

Hegazy: We are seeing positive signs from the Egyptian economy. In the beginning of 2018, Etisalat Misr increased its capital by over EGP 4bn. We will continue to invest, however, the investment I was talking about isn’t the same that we are allowed to do, only Telecom Egypt can do.

This year we are investing between EGP 2.5-3.5bn mainly in modernisation and capacity development of our network and 4G rollout, so far we have invested over EGP 35bn in the market.

Nelson: The migration to 5G isn’t going to be a sudden change. First you would have the coexistence of both networks, we are building products that allow you to maintain your 4G network, then slowly implement 5G.

You are not going to have 5G everywhere, it will be deployed in selective pockets where it makes sense.

What is the key solution that Ericsson will provide to improve cooperation between the two companies?

Nelson: We assist with modernising and operation of the network, particularly in Cairo, making sure they achieve very high performance. We are achieving a performance of about 99.2% of the Etisalat network which is the best they have ever seen.

Hegazy: We have been cooperating with Ericsson since our network launch. It’s a partnership. The recent two agreements we signed with them, included one for the expansion for the current 4G capabilities, and the other was renewal for the managed services for another five years.

Since all Ericsson’s equipment is 5G ready, we are expanding our 4G network while we are also enabling the network to be 5G ready in the same time.

How would the rising costs affect your business and future plans?

Hegazy: Too many events took place in short time, subsidy cut, the devaluation, inflation, interest rate increase, yet this much needed economic reforms were a must. You cannot build a future economy while you are spending on subsidies more than you do on education.

Despite the decrease in purchasing power, but the reforms are paying off. Personally, I am optimistic, I cannot disclose our exact financial results, but I can tell you that 2018 would have much improvement in profit growth year-over-year, the other operators are also doing well, which means that the telecommunication sector grows with the growth of the economy, much like the financial sector.

One of the challenges is the government decision to introduce EGP 50 state development fee on new lines purchases. We think that this is one of the things that should be reconsidered, as it had slowed down the sales of all operators and affected the fourth operator the most.

How do you see the Egyptian market after launching a fourth mobile operator?

Hegazy: We have very good relations with the fourth operator, which we host on our network, as it relies mainly on Etisalat for data, and exclusively on us for voice, we believe that competition is beneficial for the customer.

As a company, what do you prioritise to increase revenues?

Hegazy: we are focusing on data, since we started, we have been always focused on the progressive youth, for which the data usage is very important, and we will continue to offer tailored solutions for our customers.

We have the completely digital tariff where the customer can tailor his plan completely on the application, which we are the only operator that are offering that.

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MSMEDA expects $200m, €107m funds to be reinjected into micro, small projects Tue, 26 Feb 2019 16:33:10 +0000 ‘We are anticipating president’s approval on several deals of $200m with World Bank, €50m with AFD, €30m with KfW, €27m with EU,’ says Gamea

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The Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprise Development Agency (MSMEDA) is anticipating $200m and €107m worth deals to enter into force within the next few days, to be reinjected into micro and small projects, with the support of the Ministry of Investment and International Cooperation, according to Nevine Gamea, the executive director of the agency.

Those funding deals include a $200m deal signed with the World Bank previously. This deal is pending the president’s approval to enter into force, Gamea told the Daily News Egypt.

There is also a €50m deal with the Agence Française de Développement (AFD), which was signed during the French President Emmanuel Macron’s latest visit to Egypt, she added, noting that it will be fully allocated to fund women-owned projects. Additionally, a deal of €30 was signed with the German development bank KfW to fund small projects.

MSMEDA will also cooperate with the European Union (EU) to fund youth projects in 11 governorates in order to eliminate illegal migration phenomenon, besides another deal with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) to execute local development initiatives as part of Egypt’s efforts to achieve the sustainable development by 2030.

The agency decided to direct the first batch of international funds to small projects in Assiut governorate, being one of the neediest governorates in Egypt from which comes the highest share of illegal migrants.

MSMEDA will collaborate with local municipalities to determine the needs of every area and suggest new projects to be funded by the agency.

In the same context, the agency injected EGP 5.3bn to fund 247,000 micro and small enterprises that secured 395,000 jobs in 2018, Gamea said, adding that it also allocated EGP 2.27bn to fund 16,900 small enterprises, which provided 49,100 jobs, while EGP 3bn worth funds were directed to finance 229,700 micro enterprises that secured 346,100 jobs.

The agency also offered EGP 1.3bn for 12,900 small enterprises through intermediaries, while it directly funded 4,041 projects with EGP 970m. 

“Upper Egypt accounted for 50% of micro and small enterprises funding in 2018, while the Nile Delta area received 33%, with 12% for the urban areas and 5% for border cities,” Gamea told Daily News Egypt. She pointed out that 58% of funding was directed to the trade sector, while the service sector and livestock industries received 16% each, 8% for industrial sector, and 2% for the self-employment sector.

Women-owned micro and small enterprises accounted for 49% of the agency’s funds in 2018. Women also represent 40% of the participants of fairs held by MSMEDA, according to Gamea. She added that 23% of the agency’s services provided by its single-window system nationwide benefited women. As for the women’s shares in marketing services and different training programmes provided by the agency, they reached 32% and 65% respectively.

She pointed out that the agency deals with about 450 civil organisations across the country, in addition to 18 banks, in order to ensure that it reaches out its target segments, most prominently youth, women, and the neediest citizens. 

Gamea revealed that an agreement with QNB Al Ahli will be signed within a few days. The agreement is worth EGP 100m provided by the agency to the bank to re-inject them into small projects. The agency has also approved to provide a financial leasing company a loan worth EGP 15m. 

She also revealed that the agency plans to establish several companies specialised in the sectors of micro funding, financial leasing, and insurance.

Gamea expects the agency to achieve a growth of over 15% in 2019, supported by entering some initiatives, such as converting cars to run on natural gas and industrial complexes, in cooperation with the Industrial Development Authority (IDA), in addition to funding workshops at the Damietta furniture city.

Earlier, the agency signed two contracts worth EGP 20m with Car Gas and Gastec with the aim of converting 4,000 cars to run on natural gas.

According to Gamea, these contracts come within the framework of the initiative “Towards Natural Gas” which was launched by the agency and the Ministry of Petroleum, contributing to the national project to convert cars to run on dual fuel and implementing the state’s strategy to rationalise the energy consumption.

Over the past few years, Gastec and Car Gas have been funding the fuel conversion project in cooperation with MSMEDA through providing facilitated loans for car owners with the least interest and longest repayment period. Cars are converted at stations of both companies using the latest technologies in the field.

The initiative aims to convert 10,000 cars to run on natural gas and open 50 motor oil outlets with a total funding of EGP 100m, which would provide many jobs across the country.

Gamea added that MSMEDA has funded converting 30,500 cars to run on natural gas, including 25,500 taxis and 5,000 private cars, with EGP 152m.

Egypt’s prime minister issued in November 2018 a decision to transfer the affiliation of MSMEDA to the cabinet rather than the Ministry of Trade and Industry, as well as restructuring the agency’s board of directors.

According to Gamea, the first meeting of the agency’s new board of directors was held on 7 February 2019, as several agreements signed by the agency were passed. Additionally, a new work strategy for the agency was discussed.

Gamea pointed out that a committee was formed to study the work strategy of the agency, in a way that suits the state’s 2030 Vision. This committee would include the Minister of Planning, Hala El Saeed, and two experienced experts. Gamea pointed out that the committee’s meeting will be held within a few days.

In a related context, Gamea revealed that the cabinet will soon announce approving the micro and SME law and will refer it to the parliament for discussion and approval.

She explained that the agency has completed preparing this law nearly a year ago. It was discussed by the legislative committee of the Ministry of Justice and then forwarded to the cabinet.

She pointed out that the law issuance took a long time due to the change of the agency’s affiliation, which required amending some articles in the draft law.

According to Gamea, the draft law includes a wide range of incentives that would facilitate the required measures for individuals who want to establish projects and encourage existing project owners in the informal sector to enter the formal sector.

This includes some tax incentives, in addition to other incentives related to technical training and facilitating institutional measures, in addition to incentives that ensure that those who want to establish projects have high success chances for their projects.

The new draft law would also allow the agency to fund medium enterprises, as the old law No. 141 for 2004 did not include medium enterprises and limit the work of agency to funding micro and small enterprises.


MSMEDA injected EGP 5.3bn to fund 247,000 micro-small enterprises in 2018, of which 49% owned by women

We target achieving a 15% growth in 2019, through initiatives, such as converting cars to run on natural gas, funding industrial zones, and Damietta for Furniture

We intend to establish investment arms in the sectors of microfinance, finance leasing, and insurance

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World’s increasing electricity demand creates room for solar, traditional energy: CCC Senior Manager Mon, 25 Feb 2019 21:26:43 +0000 One billion people suffer from shortage of electricity globally

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The Consolidated Contractors Company (CCC) is one of largest construction firms in the Arab world and is ranked as one of the top 20 contractors globally. The CCC currently has ongoing projects in Egypt, including the Tahrir Petrochemicals Complex at Ain Sokhna industrial zone which will cost $10.9bn

Senior Manager at CCC, Aref Boualwan, was one of the speakers at the Solar Show 2019, which was held in Cairo this month, Daily News Egypt interviewed Boualwan, asking about the company’s recent interest in the renewable energy sector and how he see its future, the transcript for which is below, lightly edited for clarity:

What drove the company to invest in renewable energy? 

Our commitment toward renewable energy is not only motivated by profitability, which is important, but it wasn’t the main reason behind why we got into the sector at the start. If we go a step back and realise that the world has currently so many factors which drive renewable energy, the first being the shortage of electricity which almost one billion people suffer from globally, and the second being that the MENA has a 6% increase in the electricity capacity requirement per year. Therefore, $260bn in investments is needed in order to meet this rising and suppressed
electricity demand in the coming five years.

When it comes to renewable energy,  we have to remember that 42% of the CO2 emission comes from heat and energy generation, this is half of the reason why we entered into renewable energy. In order to tackle this, it would be more than just about profits, it is related to
our existence on the planet. At the CCC, we are committed to the UN sustainable development goals, which include the sustainability of renewable energy, in order to reduce CO2 emissions.

What are the challenges in MENA region which impede renewable energy’s growth?

The main challenge is legislation, as we should have a framework that does not only attract more renewable energy projects, but also supports them, therefore propelling the whole industry, and we need it today more than ever. It is very essential for the Arab world, especially Egypt, to take advantage of the opportunity of its location, because it is very rich in the solar energy.

Moreover, there are many projects which are being discussed about exporting renewable energy from Egypt to Europe.

The new vision of Egypt on renewable energy is very promising, we see a lot of movement from the government’s side, and we believe that if the momentum keeps going the way we see it, we will have very bright future in the energy sector in Egypt.

How do you see the future of the energy sector?

Renewable energy will not completely replace the traditional sources of energy, yet I strongly believe the world’s increasing demand in electricity creates a room for everybody, I see more traditional sources going more into industrial usage. Meanwhile end consumers will use renewable energy.

For instance, we now hear about microgrids, where you store energy produced by solar panels, which can then be used in many ways.

What is your next step?

Our company got a shell environment award, as we build solar cabins that operate 24/7. The solar cabins have power storage which can be used at night, when of course there is no sun.

Our present investment is to scale it up globally. We have 170,000 labourers and staff power, and most of them sleep in our camps. So we want to have these solar cabins there, since it is also suitable for people who live in remote areas, where electricity cannot be reached by cables.

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Visa’s fast-track programme empowers start-ups in region with access to visa net capabilities: Otto Williams Sun, 24 Feb 2019 07:00:54 +0000 Visa’s fintech fast-track programme empowers start-ups in the region with access to visa net capabilities, the Head of strategic partnerships, fintech, and ventures for Visa Central and Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and Africa (CEMEA), Otto Williams, stated.  In an interview with Daily News Egypt, Williams talked about the company’s new fast-track programme, how the …

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Visa’s fintech fast-track programme empowers start-ups in the region with access to visa net capabilities, the Head of strategic partnerships, fintech, and ventures for Visa Central and Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and Africa (CEMEA), Otto Williams, stated. 

In an interview with Daily News Egypt, Williams talked about the company’s new fast-track programme, how the company actively assists start-ups, and the future of mobile payments in Egypt. The transcript for which is below, lightly edited for clarity:

Can you please tell us more about the fast-track programme which Visa launched?

Visa’s fintech fast-track programme provides innovative fintechs with a faster and an easier integration process with VisaNet, Visa’s global network, in addition to a suite of tailored digital solutions and growth capabilities. We just announced its expansion in the CEMEA region as part of its efforts in developing the next generation of digital payment solutions. The programme has already rolled out in Europe, Latin America, and Asia Pacific.

The fintech fast-track programme includes a consistent commercial deal framework in order to assist quicker decisions on deals with this community and to provide rapid onboarding to help start-ups in the region gain access to the capabilities that lie within Visa’s global network to empower their own ideas.

The programme has been tailored to Visa’s fintech partners’ needs, adapting to their realities and providing them processes which are faster, and which provide flexibility on financial requirements. We also aim to reduce the number of onboarding conditions, link fintechs to platforms that are already certified by Visa, and help connect fintechs with sponsoring banks.

How is Visa actively reaching out to fintech start-ups?

One of the most interesting shifts that the market has undergone in the last 5-10 years is how much more open it is in networking and sharing ideas. Visa has run a number of events including meet-ups, networking events, and hackathons to reach out to the community. In addition, Visa has run our Everywhere Initiative, a global innovation programme in various markets in the CEMEA. Visa’s Everywhere Initiative tasks start-ups to solve the commercial challenges of tomorrow, further enhance their own product propositions, and provide visionary solutions for Visa’s vast network of partners. Egypt has been well represented in Visa’s Everywhere Initiative with four Egyptian companies reaching the semi-finals phase in our MENA edition of the Everywhere Initiative, and one, which is ‘Swvl’, won the transit challenge. 

We have also been collaborating with the DIFC Fintech Hive in the UAE, on their start up-focused programmes that aim to accelerate 40 start-ups working in a range of fields impacting financial services innovation, such as artificial and machine intelligence, distributed ledger technologies, as well as digital and open banking. We are also partnering with the ‘Startupbootcamp’ accelerator and have just extended our partnership to include Egypt. Visa is currently sponsoring eleven start-ups and providing them with the knowledge, and tools to help them develop fantastic applications that solve problems for Egyptian citizens, enhance the quality of their lives, and create a memorable payment experience.

There are opportunities for people at all levels in the fintech community to talk to each other, share their challenges, and learn from each other. Visa is active at these events across the CEMEA region. We have experts dedicated to collaborating with fintechs across our CEMEA markets.

Why would a fintech/start-up want to work with a traditional player such as Visa?

After creating the world’s first digital payment network, VisaNet, which continues to be the foundation for innovations we have been over the past 60 years at the forefront of payment innovation because our mission has always been to connect the world to the most innovative and secure payments network which enables people and businesses to thrive. The fintech community also does the same by solving local needs in very innovative ways.

We believe a collaboration with Visa would work well for fintechs, as we both have similar goals and can bring several benefits to fintechs which are namely, scale as by plugging into our network, fintechs can access our global commerce ecosystem. They can use the Visa network to expand their footprint and capabilities in ways that they couldn’t before. The second benefit is brand, as Visa is the 7th most recognised consumer brand in the world. By partnering with us, fintechs can benefit from our global brand value. The third benefit is capability as Visa has been connecting the world through the most secure, resilient, and innovative network, enabling consumers, businesses and economies to thrive. We can help fintechs accelerate their time-to-market through our assets and capabilities.

As the world becomes increasingly mobile and digital, Visa also is establishing new partnerships with governments, clients, mobile network operators, software developers, hardware manufacturers, and others to expand the reach of digital payments globally. As we look to the future, Visa remains grounded in the principles of partnership, innovation, trust, and openness.

Visa’s strength lies in our network. Its reach, security, and capabilities empower commerce on a global scale by connecting 3.3bn Visa accounts, 53.9 million merchants, and 15,600 financial institutions.

We are working on making it simpler and quicker for early stage start-ups to connect with our network than ever before. Through providing rapid onboarding and reduced fees, we will help early stage start-ups gain access to the capabilities that lie within Visa’s global network to power their own ideas.

This is just one part of our wider programme of activity with the fintech community. We are committed toward being the most responsive and supportive network for both emerging players and long-term partners alike.

How do you define “start-ups” for this programme? Who is eligible?

There are a number of eligibility criteria for the programme. The start-up cannot be an existing member of Visa or have issued payment cards. The criteria include: credible business plan, attractive product for Visa, appropriate regulatory licence if required, no material adverse findings from background checks on directors or shareholders, in addition to a working capital and/or acceptable funding plan covering at least 12 months of operations

What about the global level – what is Visa doing with fintechs globally?

Fintech investments in the region are growing rapidly, last year they totalled around $600m, according to CB Insights. Visa is working on several fronts to continue supporting this entrepreneurial ecosystem. Visa has made a series of fintech investments globally including Klarna, solarisBank, Marqeta, YellowPepper and PayStack in Nigeria.

As for our partnerships, many payment platforms and fintechs are already collaborating with Visa to create new consumer and merchant experiences, including YellowPepper, NovoPayment, novae, Increase, Contis, EVRY, Jaja, Revolut and Wirecard.

Moreover, Visa works with fintech accelerators in the region such as 500 start-ups, Startupbootcamp in Mexico, and Kyvo and GSVLabs in Brazil in order to strengthen and add value to the fintech communities across the region.

How can mobile payments play a role in expanding the acceptance footprint in markets such as Egypt?

The penetration of mobile phones in emerging markets is growing at such a fast rate that the likelihood of consumers owning a smartphone is very high, even if they do not have a bank account. Today, individuals are always connected to their smartphones and, consuming an increasing amount of digital content and services. There is a growing tendency to use smartphones for making payments as well. In developing economies, mobile money systems are bringing digital payments to millions of people previously excluded from the financial mainstream. 

On the other side, we have the retailer or the merchant. Traditional point of sale devices are often considered costly for smaller merchants and also require a fixed line internet and power, which is not accessible to everyone. Again, mobile is a game changer. With a mobile phone and a USSD number, or a QR code – that little black and white box you now see on many products that can be read by your smartphone camera, suddenly a merchant can accept a payment via a mobile phone – allowing funds to go straight to their bank accounts safely, conveniently, and instantly.

Mobile payments can prove its effectiveness in bill payments, small amount transactions, and can significantly decrease the investments which merchants put into traditional point of sale.

In markets like Egypt, mobile payments can play a big role in expanding the digital acceptance footprint as it would empower significant portions of the population and enable them to transact digitally. Our work with the Egypt Post on the infrastructure enablement and empowering its staff, through workshops and seminars, along with issuance plans is targeting underserved segments in rural areas. This comes after launching mobile payment with our key clients. 

By digitising payments, we create economic efficiencies and transparency, which in turn bolsters confidence. We help the retail sector grow and unlock new channels like eCommerce. We enable more effective, and safer, travel and tourism by enabling people to use their cards, and carry less cash.

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Mineral Wealth Law, terms of gold exploring do not attract investors: AL Raghy Fri, 22 Feb 2019 11:30:01 +0000 4.4bn were transferred to bank account of Al Sokari gold mines to boost Egyptian economy

The post Mineral Wealth Law, terms of gold exploring do not attract investors: AL Raghy appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

At the end of the day, Al Sokari gold mine is the one and only productive gold mine in Egypt due to several challenges that postponed any attempt to benefit from Egypt’s wealth of gold burried in the eastern desert.

Daily News Egypt discussing these challenges with Youssef EL-Raghy, the general manager of Pharaoh Gold Mines which owns Centamin Company that has the rights to explore and extract gold in Al Sokari concession.

In this exclusive interview EL-Raghy expressed his optimism about gold mining industry in Egypt, but, it requires amending the system of exploring gold ore and its terms. He asserted that the companies which won the right to explore gold in the last gold tender have no background about the mining industry anymore bar one.

The transcript of the interview is below, lightly edited for clarity:

How do you foresee the delay for the first bidding to be resumed?

Actually it is not the first tender to be conducted here in Egypt,; as there were two tenders for exploring gold ore in the eastern desert which were conducted in 2007 and 2009. But, unfortunately, all companies that owned in them-there were eight companies-did not achieve any progress till now. And Al Sokari is still the only productive gold mine in Egypt.

Youssef EL-Raghy

So what are the reasons behind failing to control such an important economic sector?

Simply because the four companies that owned the exploration in the five concessions have no background in gold mining anymore. Moreover, the resumes of these companies show that none of them are actually working in any mining industry except one of them called Resolute. Ghassan Spain is actually a company that works in the real-estate sector, while Vertas opened a branch in Cairo-before the announcement of the tender’s winners-as a mining services company. In addition to Ghas Al Sharq which is specialised in gas exploration not gold mining.

Is that why these companies have not received their concessions yet?

Resolute itself, which owned two concessions,  has announced through its official website on the internet that although it owns the right to explore in two concessions, it will suspend its work until the government take serious actions towards amending the terms of mining exploration in Egypt.

Could you clarify that in more detail?

Well, the new system of gold mining that had been applied since 2017 was wrong and does not comply with international standards and was not in line with similar systems in other countries which have a solid experience in gold mining. All countries which work in this sector apply the system that allows the investor to benefit from all gold ore he explores while paying only three kinds of fees which are taxes, royalty, and rent. On the other hand, Egypt has approved in the new system taxes, royalty, and to get 50% of the concession production in favour of the state. These terms really hurt the gold mining industry in Egypt, as investment in this industry is high-risk and a long term one, so, in case the investor realises a loss, he will bear it alone. Let me clarify that a ton of rocks contains a gram of gold to be extracted which reflects how this industry is very difficult. Actually this system is crowding investments out not attracting them.

So, there is a complicated situation now?

The terms of the exploration and the nature of these companies alike. In addition to that the terms of bidding had been formulated in a frame of terms for petroleum exploration, but, there are bid differences between the two sectors. Each of them has a different nature and a different shape of investment.

And what about the legislative frame that controls mining in Egypt as the big umbrella that gold mining is subject to?

Indeed, the current Mining Law needs to be amended. Although it had been released in 2017 after amending the old one, but, the exploration terms need to be expressed to invest more investors to enter our market, making use of all incentives that the government is providing to all investors. Furthermore, this sector is very promising, as Egypt has about 125 locations that contain huge amounts of gold ore and ready to be explored and extracted.

Then, from your perspective, which is the most appropriate system to control gold mining in Egypt?

If the government approved the ‘taxes and rent’ system which allows the investor to benefit from the entire production of his concession versus paying the required taxes and the rent of the concession, it will pave the way to welcome not less than 200 new companies and investments. Neither profit sharing nor production sharing boosts the gold mining industry in Egypt. These systems are suitable for the petroleum sector, and do not suit the gold mining sector.

And until then Egypt will not experience a real gold mining industry, do you agree with that?

Al Sokari will remain the one and only productive gold mine and Centamin will be the one and only investor in this industry in Egypt if the current law still adopts such terms. Actually the current law is very bad, and completely hurts the mining industry. It needs to be entirely amended if the state really wants to establish a genuine mining industry, especially in the gold mining sector.

For Al Sokari mine, how does Centamin introduce a successful model to establish a gold mining industry?

Our project succeeded to set a standard for industrial safely and environmentally friendly for the first time in this industry in Egypt. In addition, the government has earned from Al Sokari production till now over than $360m, including ante up $122m as royalty fees and $238m in advance on the account of profits. Furthermore, the national treasury collects about EGP 9m per month as taxes and insurance fees, recorded EGP 600m by the end of December 2018. That illustrates how Al Sokari is an important income resource for the state and how this industry is significantly profitable.

How does Egypt’s economy make use of such a project?

All of AL Sokari’s gold sales estimation which is worth $ 4.4bn were transferred to the bank account of Al Sokari gold mines to boost the Egyptian economy. In addition, we signed an agreement with the Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) by the end of 2016 to provide the project’s need of local currency with about a monthly EGP 50m, and in return, Al Sokari has to recover this amount with its equivalent in dollars through gold slugs. This action is to increase the gold reserves in CBE in this critical phase and also to enhance the national economy, and based on that we transfer about 1,000 tons of gold were shipped till last January.

What are the estimated reserves of gold ore in Al Sokari?

About 13m ounces, estimated to be produced within 30 years since the beginning of exploring the project.

And what is your company’s performance in this regard?

Well, operating expenses for the producing of gold recorded over $2.6bn, while investment costs exceeded $1.3bn. Actually 58% from this cost was injected into the Egyptian market. Also the gold imports from Al Sokari shape 2% of Egypt’s exports.

What is the estimated workforce in the mine?

About 4,500 labourers is the estimated workforce in Al Sokari, and we deal with 100 suppliers and more than 50 contracting companies.


Only 2% is Al Sokari share in Egypt’s exports

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Feeder industries need government support: El Kady Wed, 20 Feb 2019 07:30:45 +0000 How would car exports improve if government cannot realise industry's importance?

The post Feeder industries need government support: El Kady appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

The government must be the primary supporter of industry in Egypt, specifically the automotive sector in order to upgrade the promising industry. Economy can grow stronger only through supporting industry, Deputy Head of the Chamber of Engineering Industries (CEI) affiliated to the Federation of Egyptian Industries (FEI), Abdel Moneim El Kady, said in an interview with Daily News Egypt, the transcript for which is below, lightly edited for clarity:

Has the Let It Rust campaign and the current market recession impacted feeder industries?

Of course, there is no doubt that the boycotting campaign has affected the automotive market. The recession also negatively impacted car assembly plants which rely on feeder industries.

The feeder factories are no longer fully operational due to the low demand for their products. This has reduced the working days to four instead of five days. I think this recession will continue to affect the feeder industries until April.

How do you see the campaign?

The campaign negatively affected the automotive sector in general, as well as the consumers because the campaign will intensify the overpricing phenomenon in May. We, as manufacturers, asked the government to intervene to resolve the crisis.

What is the importance of the automotive industry strategy? Why it has not been issued yet?

This strategy is over as the government rejected it. The strategy aimed to support the automotive and feeder industries. It was an integrated system to control the car market commercially and industrially, and it would revive the car market in Egypt and restore its level to what it was before 2008 as it would attract the middle-class consumers to the market through offering cars at EGP 100,000 or less. The market needs this segment again.

Why did the government reject the strategy?

This question should be answered by the government. We know two reasons behind the strategy’s rejection, the traders’ influence as they were opposing the strategy, and split among manufacturers. We had to wait for the strategy to be released, and then we could amend it.

Why did traders oppose it?

They thought it will only benefit car manufacturers, even though it would have benefited everyone. The state will lose EGP 7bn this year after removing custom tariffs on European cars. The strategy would have imposed other fees on manufacturers, and this could compensate the tariffs’ removal.

What are the manufacturers’ demands from the government?

Unfortunately, the government completely rejected the strategy. We wanted a clear vision in manufacturing. The misfortune of the car industry in Egypt was that there was no clear vision in the government.

There are some positives. President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has, thankfully, worked on bringing back the Mercedes-Benz plant to work in Egypt, but the state must also support feeder industries. Mercedes-Benz should rely on local feeder industries.

The government must be decisive with manufacturers. Some people establish factories and produce only 1,000 cars per year, which is not good for the industry or feeding industries. The government must set a certain production limit, say 10,000 cars per year, with the possibility to increase to 20,000-30,000 cars.

How would Egypt benefit from the return of Mercedes-Benz?

This step would have a positive impact on the industry only if they relied on Egyptian feeder industries.

What is the role of the Feeding Industries Division in supporting the industry?

Both the Feeding Industries Division and the Transport Services Division play a big role in the Chamber of Engineering Industries to support the industry. They both launched several initiatives to convince the government to resolve the car crisis, but all failed. We have not received any positive reaction on these initiatives. The Feeding Industries Division also held several meetings in the last period to discuss the situation of the automotive industry in the recent period.

Feeding industries are accused of focusing only on luxuries and importing basic products, Why?

Feeding industries are the core of the automotive industry. Feeding industries in Egypt are successful, but their production is limited. In contrast, investors will not risk investing in feeder industries with this small amount of car production. We export many original spare parts to many countries, specifically Europe, Germany, US, and South Africa.

There are reports that governmental bodies, such as the Arab Organisation for Industrialisation, the Military Production Ministry, and the Egyptian National Railways, are relying on imported feeder industries. Is this true?

Yes, there are several Egyptian bodies and companies that rely on imported feeder products and ignore local ones. We communicated with the Military Production Ministry’s factories and the Arab Organisation for Industrialisation to supply them with our products. They asked for samples for examination. I hope they use the Egyptian feeding products.

What is the export value of Egyptian feeder industries?

The Chamber of Engineering Industries consists of 10 different divisions. Collectively, they export products worth $2.17bn per year. The feeding industries alone account for $460m. The Transport Services Division also exports products worth $92m, even though the price of cars is higher than the products of feeding industries.

We hope the value of feeding industry exports go beyond $3bn in 2019. Our exports make up a large proportion in the engineering industry exports, accounting for about 2.7% of its exports.

Egypt’s non-oil exports reach $20bn. Even though this is small for Egypt, the chamber accounts for 10% of the figure.

It is the responsibility of the government to increase the size of exports. How can exports improve if the government cannot realise the importance of industry?!

What are the most important international brands that are assembled in Egypt?

General Motors assembles Isuzu. It’s one of the most important brands assembled in Egypt. It relies on supplying 70% of its components in Egypt.

Is it possible to manufacture a 100% Egyptian car?

I do not think there can be a 100% Egyptian car, however we have a hope in electric cars. An Egyptian investor, Hassan El-Desouky, opened a production line for electric cars’ batteries. This is an important step, as the cost of battery accounts for 60% of the electric car’s price. We can also manufacture 10% of its spare parts, hence, we are approaching manufacturing a 100% Egyptian car.

The Feeding Industries Division will hold a meeting soon with El-Desouky to study how to develop the electric battery manufacturing project to manufacture the entire car.

Why do feeding industry plants rely on foreign testing ?

The automotive industry is a very advanced industry, and all feeder companies in Egypt abide to the global standard specifications, but parent companies are keen to test these products themselves in their own factories abroad.

Do we have enough trained labour in feeder industries?

In fact, we have lack trained labour. Our labour turned to work as tuk-tuk drivers (three-wheeled vehicles) or in delivery service, as they earn twice as much as they get in feeder factories.

How many car and feeder factories are there in Egypt?

There are 100 car factories in Egypt, of which eighty feeder factories and 20 assembly plants. There are of course other indirect and non-specialised factories that supply products to direct factories, such as plastics, rubber, glass, and others.

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Mastercard incorporates sound as new dimension to customer experience: Beatrice Cornacchia Sun, 17 Feb 2019 20:14:51 +0000 ‘We worked with musicians to produce distinct melody adaptable across genres, cultures,’ says senior VP for marketing, communications in Middle East, Africa

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Mastercard has recently announced the release of its sonic brand identity, a comprehensive sound architecture. Daily News Egypt interviewed Beatrice Cornacchia, the senior vice president of marketing and communications in the Middle East and Africa at Mastercard, to find out the company’s aim from the new sonic brand.

What is the new feature that Mastercard is announcing?

We are debuting our sonic brand identity, which is a comprehensive sound architecture that will reinforce our brand each time a consumer interacts with Mastercard. This new dimension to our brand identity is a critical component to how people recognise Mastercard today, and in the future.

What does your sonic brand consist of? How did you develop it?

As a global company which operates in over 200 countries, it is important for us to take a very deep and holistic approach to ensure local relevance while maintaining a consistent global brand voice.

We worked with musicians to produce a distinct melody that is adaptable across genres and cultures, and takes into account different platforms and environments. The result is that we now have a memorable melody that accentuates our attributes. In addition, we worked with artists and agencies around the world using varying instruments and tempos to help deliver the melody in several unique styles such as operatic, cinematic, and playful, and will also include a number of regional interpretations.

This Mastercard melody is the foundation of our sound architecture, and it will be extended to many of our components, from sound logos and ringtones, to on-hold music and point-of-sale acceptance sounds.

Does the melody stand for something? What are you hoping to deliver?

In creating the Mastercard melody, we included five principles that reflect the attributes of the Mastercard brand, which are: being relatable and inclusive, passionate, surprising, delightful, and captivating. At the end of the day, we want you leaving humming the Mastercard melody.

Why are you making this change now?

The world around us is transforming at an incredible pace, affecting how consumers engage with everything around them, and that includes brands.

The latest example is the presence of audio in our lives – hundreds of millions of people are already using smart speakers, and voice shopping alone is set to hit $40bn by 2022.

Sound is a powerful new dimension to our brand identity, and a critical component to how people recognise Mastercard.

What makes sound so important?

Music has always been an important part of marketing. Today, with more consumer touch points than ever before, consumer expectations of brands continue to evolve as the lines between the physical and the digital blur, and the existence of ad blocks and voice-technologies (rise of podcasts, smart speakers, and voice shopping) continues to change the day-to-day way we live, shop, and pay. The traditional ways of advertising and marketing need to evolve, making companies transform the way they show up and interact with consumers.

What kind of testing or feedback have you gotten so far?

The feedback so far has been very positive.  We are in this for the long haul, and will be taking along the way learning experiences to fulfil our ultimate vision of creating a highly personalised and contextually relevant Mastercard audio experience for consumers, wherever and however they interact with Mastercard.

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GIZ funds IPSP to make it easier for Egyptian citizens to receive public services Sun, 17 Feb 2019 08:00:35 +0000 IPSP has trained over 300 municipal civil servants so far

The post GIZ funds IPSP to make it easier for Egyptian citizens to receive public services appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

Public administration in Egypt is inefficient and characterised by poor service delivery. The public service sector currently employs around seven million Egyptians, but in many areas access to public services is very limited. Even basic services for citizens are frequently organised in a complex way and assigned to different administrative levels and authorities. For citizens, it is often unclear who is responsible for what, and what documents are required for which service, nor how long they will have to wait.

Egypt is currently stepping up the decentralisation and modernisation of its public administration. The first efforts in this direction were undertaken before the upheaval of the Arab Spring in 2011, and the consequent dissolution of several governments. Since then, the pressure to reform services has become even greater. Indeed, better public services were one of the key demands of the revolution. The Egyptian government is therefore keen to immediately make visible improvements in services for citizens. Overall, however, in both rural and urban areas, there is a lack of the appropriate structures and competent staff to achieve this goal.

The Head of the Improvement of Public Services Project (IPSP) at the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Gabriele Becker, said that the GIZ  implements the project, in close collaboration with government of Egypt, to support its ambitious programme to decentralise and modernise its public administration.

Daily News Egypt interviewed  Becker in depth about the project and its services to increase the satisfaction of citizens with the government services they receive , the transcript for which is below, lightly edited for clarity:

What is the reason behind launching the IPSP?

The main idea behind launching the IPSP is to make it easier for Egyptian citizens to receive public services. The GIZ implements the project, in close collaboration with government of Egypt, to support its ambitious programme to decentralise and modernise its public administration. The goal is to increase the satisfaction of citizens with the government services they receive. To achieve this, we, in the IPSP, in close cooperation with the ministries of local development (MoLD) and planning, monitoring and administrative reform (MoPMAR), put ourselves in the shoes of the citizens. We try to understand their challenges in receiving public services and then tailor solutions accordingly.

What is the value of fund allocated by the GIZ for the IPSP?

The German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) allocated €9.5m to the project from 2015 to 2021. Our cooperation is based on a technical cooperation agreement between both governments.

How many beneficiaries does the project target?

The Public Service Map (PSM), which offers comprehensive information on most demanded public services, is accessible online on the governmental Bawaba to all citizens of Egypt. It will soon be available as a mobile app.

The IPSP also works in three governorates on the ground: Cairo, Menoufiya, and Beni Suef. Inhabitants in these governorates can now benefit from fully-equipped and functional citizen service centres, mobile access channels, enhanced and user-friendly services to persons with disability, and shortened processing time of municipal services, to mention a few.

What are the success indicators achieved so far?

The PSM is a product we are very proud of because it makes information about public services transparent to citizens. It took us more than two years to compile all the information about the 500 most demanded public services (such as social support, education, health, or family affairs services). Each governmental institution can access its own services on the PSM and constantly update the content or reflect any changes in procedures.

Further, the PSM collects feedback from citizens. It provides reports that allow decision-makers in the government to improve the services based on the needs of citizens. They can see, for example, which services are most demanded, which services have the longest processing time, or which service centres are the most crowded. Based on this information, they can prioritise services to be offered online, and speed up the time it takes for services by optimising procedures.

The IPSP also managed to improve and simplify the workflow of several municipal services in the Cairo governorate, such as shop licenses and street advertisements. These simplified processes have made it easier for citizens: it now takes less time, fewer visits, and is less complicated. The governor of Cairo endorsed the new workflow. We hope that they will be adopted in all districts of the governorate soon.

In addition, The IPSP has equipped all target districts (Shubra, Maadi, Cairo Diwan, West Shibin and Ashmoun in Menoufiya) with the needed IT devices and furniture. This includes new internal networks in the municipalities to ensure that all municipal units are fully automated and inter-connected and that the one-stop-shop concept that is propagated by the government of Egypt is attained.

When it comes to the employees, who play the most important role in a functioning service centre, the IPSP has trained over 300 municipal civil servants so far. This includes operational staff, managers, and district heads. We trained them to professionally handle citizens’ requests, better manage complaints, leadership skills, efficient problem solving, and change management. We ensured that they are able to manage innovative solutions, such as the various mobile access channels, so they can better reach out to people with disabilities or those living in remote areas.

Do you plan to expand funds for the project? If yes, what is the amount allocated?

This project was requested by the Egyptian government since the modernisation of public services is part of Egypt’s Vision 2030. The funding by the German government is secured until 2021. We will be discussing with our partners in the ministries of local development and planning, monitoring and administrative reform how to make project outcomes sustainable.

Is the GIZ the only project funder?

The funding of the IPSP comes from the BMZ. The GIZ is implementing the project together with the MoLD and the MoPMAR, which are both dedicating the time of their employees and their expertise to the success of the project.

How many citizens use the services provided by the PSM on the Bawaba?

Until now, only a few thousand people are aware of the PSM and use it. The feedback we have received so far is positive and encouraging. We are continuously updating the content with our partners and plan to launch the PSM officially soon. Through an awareness campaign, we will make sure that citizens learn about the PSM so they can benefit from it.

Do you implement similar projects in other countries or only in Egypt?

Of course. Issues related to the quality of public service delivery are not only relevant to Egypt. Also in Germany we are now reforming and digitalising public services. Similar programmes by the German Development Cooperation can be found all over the world and the Middle East, for example in Morocco or Tunisia.

What challenges is Egypt facing with regards to blockchain?

The IPSP is not working with blockchain technologies at the moment. Blockchain is the new technological revolution of our time, but the technology is still relatively new to Egypt. Its applications could open many new opportunities in literally all sectors ranging from finance, commerce, industries to healthcare, value chains, entertainment and, of course, also public service delivery.

What are opportunities and challenges facing Egypt’s digital transformation?

Egypt’s ICT 2030 strategy is a sign that there is a strong commitment toward digital transformation in Egypt. So far, Egypt’s public administration is still largely paper-based and it will require much effort to adapt to the changes that come with digital transformation. Illiteracy and unfamiliarity with digital tools, especially in rural areas, is another challenge. The transformation is worth it, however, since there is a lot of potential. The know-how exists and Egypt’s national ICT industry is developing at a very fast pace. Egypt has a very young population that is familiar with the digital world. Since most people use mobile phones, Egypt can afford to introduce digital solutions for mobile users, including solutions to apply for public services.

The post GIZ funds IPSP to make it easier for Egyptian citizens to receive public services appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

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Egypt to become medical tourism hub, making significant progress in Hepatitis “C” eradication: Executive Director of Tour n’ Cure Thu, 14 Feb 2019 12:30:09 +0000 “Egypt needs to focus on export this phase, bureaucracy significant challenge foreign investor faces here”

The post Egypt to become medical tourism hub, making significant progress in Hepatitis “C” eradication: Executive Director of Tour n’ Cure appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

Egypt, undoubtedly, has made progress in eradicating Hepatitis C through a national campaign in this regard. This effort has been acknowledged by all renowned health organisations around the world.

According to The Atlantic, despite the availability of revolutionary new drugs, countries with more resources have not made similar progress against the disease. And that what qualifies Egypt to be at the forefront of eradicating Hepatitis C treatment are worldwide providers.

In an exclusive interview with Daily News Egypt, Executive Director of Tour n’ Cure, Athina Sideri, a leading company in medical tourism, follows Prime Pharma Company and Pharco, which is the producer of Hepatitis C treatment in Egypt, clarified the company’ mission in Egypt.

She expressed her optimism about medical tourism sector as one of the significant sources of state income, the transcript of the interview is below, lightly edited for clarity:

How do you evaluate what Egypt has achieved until now in fighting Hepatitis C?

Egypt is doing a great job in fighting this serious disease which qualifies it to be a leading country in this field, with an effective treatment without waiting in the least and at a reasonable cost.

When did your company start working in Egypt as one of Pharco’s companies, the producer of the Hepatitis C treatment?

Well, Tour n’ Cure has been already in Egypt since 2016, under the umbrella of Prima Pharma, while the campaign has started even before we took it to London or Greece and Cyprus. Lionel Messi did a great job to be the face of this campaign in 2017 here in Egypt.

Actually, Prime Pharma through Pharco Company is producing the medicine to cure Hepatitis C, in addition, the company and its team internationally approached the young people through the campaign to go and be tested. There are new leads on diagnosis, we get patients in every day they do not actually get it from blood transfusions or other means but they can infected through every day uses, like getting a tattoo, nail stamps or through any way, that it is not hygienically correct, might lead to infection, even through bleeding.

From your perspective, what are Egypt’s qualifications to achieve such progress?

Egypt now has and produces the treatment; furthermore, it has been widely renowned by the World Health Organisation (WHO). At the same time, we, as Tour n’ Cure, have a trilateral agreement among the major the three countries Egypt, Greece, and Cyprus, in this regard, which means more enhancement to medical tourism here in Egypt, in particular the Hepatitis C treatment, among the domestic and foreign patients alike.

And what about the treatment environment?

Indeed, the medicine in Egypt has been very well upgraded. But, because of a Middle East far destination, many European patients have not been keen to come. But the UK is going to have a Brexit in late March, so there is a need to get patients from Europe and England in Egypt to be cured by the Egyptian treatment. And I think a lot of ministers of Europe’s government are working on negotiations at the governmental level in this regard now.

Does your company cooperate with other counterparts in a way to enhance your role in Egypt?

Yes, for sure. We have been in contact with various organisations that are focusing on treating and tracking Hepatitis C, to boost our mission in Egypt through the Tour n’ Cure campaign. We seek to get many patients tested in Egypt, so why not have the treatment here in Egypt? Especially since it is a very cost-effective, it’s quite expensive back in England.

What are the competencies that drive Egypt to be a pioneer in combating Hepatitis C?

Clearly, Egypt is cheaper than any other country in the world in this regard, offering the best for such diseases. Let me say that in England, for instance, the treatment package might cost around £ 56,000 for one patient, while here in Egypt it might be only around £ 4,000, inclusive of the touristic entertainment and the week that people need to spend here for convalescent purposes.

Is the treatment price the only competency Egypt has?

Absolutely not. The quality of hospitals, services, and testing is much upgraded. Egypt really has highly equipped and trusted hospitals and advanced labs which motivate us to cooperate with them. And recently we have signed a protocol of cooperation with the Dar Al Fouad private hospital to cure British patients from Hepatitis C in Egypt. According to this protocol we will expand the umbrella of cure services to include other fields in the future. In addition, we will sign with all hospitals that are really certified for patient treatment around the world.

What about coordination with official bodies here in Egypt?

Tour n’ Cure is in contact with many governmental hospitals and many diagnostic centres, Dar Al Fouad is just the most recent one. We are associating with most of them because we are participating as Tour n’ Cure Egypt and Tour n’ Cure International in London in the campaign that Egypt has taken from the WHO, so already we have cured here 1,250,000 patients.

And what about challenges Egypt might face?

The problem is to get the treatment known to countries outside Egypt and get the patients here in the frame of medical tourism. And, to get know that this treatment is really effective. At the moment it is not registered in Europe, so this is why we try to get in Egypt.

Does you work focus only on hepatitis C treatment?

Yes, for the moment it for hepatitis C. But, with the cooperation that we have with others hospitals, basically we are looking for Tour n’ Cure programmes in other sectors that will be announced later.

So, you do not intend to enter into other medical tourism fields?

We hope to. There are many serious diseases around the world and here in Egypt such as We Cancer. That means that we need other many innovative treatments because if there is available, effective treatment for such diseases in a country, it will qualify it to be a point of the medical tourism.

We have to be innovative in the treatments so we can attract more patients to come to the Middle East.

What is your outlook for medical tourism in Egypt as an economic sector?

I think it is a very promising sector. More and more insurance companies expand the vision of having patients being treated in the Middle East. In this point, we are looking forward to Abu Dhabi’s medical tourism conference that will be held in October. Such events will be very good for the whole of the MENA region, not only for Egypt, which is already a very big country in its medicine sciences.

Then, what qualifies Egypt to make a progress in this regard?

It has potentials that are very good from all points of view. First of all Egypt has a very good weather all year around, in the same time it is a very famous destination. I think many Europeans will find it easy to come here and vacation together with the treatment. Moreover, the prices are much cheaper a long with the upgraded quality of the medical services.

How do you see the investment environment in Egypt?

I think investment prospects are going to be greater even after Brexit. we are all waiting for Brexit to happen as it will influence the whole of Europe, as after the Brexit all European countries will face a problem of being accepted in the National Health System of England which is the reference point for them in health sector. So, they will look for other destinations. Egypt already has the connection to this reference in the UK as well as Cyprus and Greece.

Is Egypt ready to be a global hub in medical tourism?

I should think it ought to be, particularly in Africa.  Egypt is an important reference in medical sciences and many clinics institution from abroad are already investing now a health sector in Egypt based on its great prospect in the medical tourism more than other kind of tourism.

What are the challenges that your work faces, and how do you deal with them?

We face challenges on a daily basis. But, eventually we can deal with them. And our branch here with our partners makes the environment of negotiations easier with the government and Egyptian authorities. No doubt that bureaucracy is the significant challenge that any investor here in Egypt faces, but we all know it takes more time than usual, and we can cope with that.

What is most needed for Egypt currently to boost its medical tourism business?

Medical tourism is the best prospect at the moment. It is a heavy industry in Egypt, with many constructions, and medical supplies and production of medicine has been expanded a little bit like India for example. Egypt will be a good source for medical input in Europe so it can export and create a lot of different kinds of income for the country. Exports is really what Egypt needs in this current phase.

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Interview: Sons of Denmark, what will happen if fascists take over Wed, 13 Feb 2019 20:00:22 +0000 Ulaa Salim’s debut feature film underlines dark undercurrent, claustrophobic atmosphere

The post Interview: Sons of Denmark, what will happen if fascists take over appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

The Sons of Denmark feature debut of Danish film director Ulaa Salim premiered at the International Film Festival Rotterdam (IFFR) this year causing serious debate about the possible outcome if right-wing politics takes over Europe.

Salim, who was born in 1987 in Denmark, studied at the National Film School of Denmark. He used his personal experience as his inspiration to make his film. Together with his partner and producer Daniel Mühlendorph, he created the production company Hyanene Film. Salim’s short film debut Our Fathers’ Sons (2015) was also shown at the IFFR. His first feature, Sons of Denmark (2019), had its world premiere in Rotterdam. The film takes place a year after a deadly bomb attack in Denmark, where ultra-nationalist politician Martin Nordahl and his National Movement are leading in the polls. Influenced by his unabashedly anti-immigrant rhetoric, society has rapidly turned against ethnic minorities, especially those with an Arab background.

Salem started writing his script in 2013, where the refugee crisis and the rise of the fascist right wing were not yet at their peak; however, two years after when he re-pitched his idea to his instructors, his script became even more relevant to the dark contemporary reality. Although Salem’s film is in the future, his script cannot be more relatable, in a time where presidents and politicians blame their failed policies on immigrants or other conspiracies.

In this climate, 19-year-old Zakaria feels compelled to act to protect his safety as well as that of his  family’s. But, to do what he feels is necessary to turn the political tide; he needs to abandon his mother and little brother. Hence, Zakaria gets involved in a radical organisation, where he forms a bond with Ali. The two men cannot agree with the current state of the country, which is turning on its own citizens because of their immigrant background, and decide to act. However, they are both just tools in the hands of people with power. As the men try to make their mark, their brotherhood will be tested and their actions will have grave consequences on their lives.

Daily News Egypt interviewed Salim to discuss the significance of the film amid the current political situation and to analyse the character of his film, the transcript for which is below, lightly edited for clarity:

How long did it take you to write the script and make the film? And what were the stages that the script went through?

The script took about six years to write and make. The idea started when I enrolled in the Danish Film School but when I showed instructors the first drafts they got scared and said that is it too exaggerated and too violent. And two years later, when I had something concrete to show them and when the political and social scenes were already intensified, they said ‘yes, that maybe how the world might look like.’

When was the first day of shooting?

The first day after I graduated from film school, we went and started looking for methods to fund the film. It took us about a year to find the funds, and we started in 2018 and finished later in the year.

How do you see the significance of the film amid the current political and social contexts both in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa which are seeing a clear rise of right wing inclinations? Also how did you research the details for the film?

I hope that it [the film] will not be [affiliated] with right wing or left wing politics. But I hope that people will see and question what the society we are living in. I didn’t make the film as a political statement, or against one thing. I wanted to make it against all extreme voices. As for research, we read and researched how such politicians rise to power and how young men can become extreme. We watched a lot, but you decide as a filmmaker and you create your characters and use your fantasies. Any other human being that makes this same film, they will make it in their own way. There is no right way to write this film

The character of Malik played by Zaki Youssef is one of the most complex and complicated characters in the film. He is stuck between different lives, and he manages to do both. What contradictions were written with his character?

Malik’s character always wanted to do the right thing and at the same time he saw the world from two points of view, and that is what made it really complex because no one is really wrong in this story. I didn’t want anyone to be completely bad or completely good. I wanted to make everybody in a mix. The idea behind that is to show that everyone has several layers to them than just your typical good guy or bad guy. And it’s important to note that this is a fiction film. I take things from real life and put them in exaggerated scopes, and other things are reflected from things I have seen or experienced.  Even the right wing politician Noah played by Rasmus Bjerg: you see him playing with his children and being nice.

As the for the character of Zakaria which is played by Mohammed Ismail Mohammed, did you plan from the start to make it the spearhead of the film’s opening and then shift the plot’s focus to another character? Also in the two sides of the story there are individuals who feel division and violence, who push the film’s characters to reach their limits. Can you tell us more about those characters?

This twist was scripted and was done from the start. We wanted to show people what they might think they know and then show them around, to give weight and more complexity to the film and the characters. As for inciting, but unrevealed characters, there is one character who is named Hassan and is played by Imad Abul-Foul; he is like a politician. We get to see him from a lower point of view, where he is in charge of his little society. He is the equivalent of the character of Rasmus Bjerg who plays the right-wing politician. Both incite people around them to commit violence but they don’t take active roles.

I am not sure whether you conform to the idea that films have to have messages. If so what kind of message you want to send to a both a Danish audience and an international audience?

It’s not one message. It’s not like you have to understand this or feel this. It’s a discussion of what happens when the extreme becomes normal. What will happen in a society? What do you think will happen in a society when this happens? What do you think will happen? I want the audience to think for themselves. The film has a lot from the Danish features like the music the protagonist listens to which implies that this is just another Danish young guy like everybody else. But internationally, at the end of the day, I believe that every society has its own problems, and is dealing with extreme voices on both sides. I hope the film will engage every country.

The imagery of the film is very rich, as well as the usage of colours, which when combined with the night scenes created a depressing and pessimistic mood. Was this intentional?

We tried to think that red was Zakaria’s colour in the first part, while the second part of the film the green colour was predominant during the role of Malik. The third part came when Malik started to feel Zakaria’s position with a different colour.  I also wanted to have a documentary feeling, but visually I aimed not to have a documentary feeling. Visually I wanted to have a beautiful and bold film, and at the same time I wanted to have the documentary feeling when it came to the relationships between characters.

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Egypt among countries that have made great strides in achieving financial inclusion of SME’s: IMF Middle East, Central Asia Adviser Tue, 12 Feb 2019 08:15:16 +0000 Increasing access to finance lays foundation for higher, more inclusive regional growth

The post Egypt among countries that have made great strides in achieving financial inclusion of SME’s: IMF Middle East, Central Asia Adviser appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

Nicolas Blancher, adviser at the IMF Middle East and Central Asia department explains in an interview with Daily News Egypt, how small and medium-sized enterprises’ financial inclusion is at the core of economic diversification, growth, and job creation in the MENA.

The Middle Eastern countries including Egypt, have taken several measures to realise the inclusion of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) into the formal sector, in order to boost economic growth.

Nicolas Blancher, adviser at the IMF Middle East and Central Asia department

How do you evaluate these measures, and what do these countries need to do more to attain this objective, noting that the current percentage of inclusion is very low?

       A key conclusion from our work is that there is no magic bullet to increase SME financial inclusion in a meaningful, safe, and sustainable manner. Partial policy approaches that have sometimes been pursued, such as those solely based on public credit guarantees, have not sufficed to achieve this goal. In contrast, we highlight that holistic reform strategies are required. Such strategies encompass broad priorities in terms of macroeconomic stability and institutional quality, as well as improvements to the business environment and specific regulatory and legal reforms that will support SME lending, such as with regard to the availability of credit information or contract enforcement.  A growing number of countries have been designing and implementing such holistic reform strategies. Their implementation will take some time, but this is a very encouraging development in which the IMF, together with several other regional and international organisations, will increasingly play a supportive role.

Egypt is among the countries that have made great strides in achieving the financial inclusion of SMEs. The Egyptian authorities have recently been formulating a comprehensive approach and vision for the integration of SMEs into the formal sector and thus achieving financial capital. IMF representatives are working on this file with the Egyptian authorities  and providing them with the necessary technical support to formulate the necessary strategy to achieve this. Daily News Egypt interviewed then to investigate further into this matter the transcript for which is below, lightly edited for clarity:

What are the main challenges facing SMEs regionally generally, and Egypt particularly?

As regards the overall development of SMEs in the region, our November 2018 REO publication had a specific chapter addressing this issue. Its main conclusions are that increasing access to finance, investing in education and infrastructure, reducing the role of the state in the economy, and improving government effectiveness and governance would unlock private investment, laying the foundation for higher and more inclusive growth in the region.

Nicolas Blancher, adviser at the IMF Middle East and Central Asia

Can you give us a recipe of inclusion success in the MENA region, mentioning some success stories?

There is no recipe in the sense that again, there is no magic bullet or one-size-fits-all approach to achieve meaningful improvements to SME financial inclusion. Instead, we emphasise the fact that each country needs to define its own specific strategy. This may encompass a variety of reforms, as already mentioned. They key is to identify and prioritise those reform areas that, in each country, are the main obstacles to SME financing. 

This being said, key issues that seem to explain most of the ‘SME financial inclusion gap’ in the Arab region as a whole are: economic development in general (which captures quality of infrastructure and education); governance and control of corruption; credit information availability; economic competition; and the quality of the business environment. The SMEs represent 95% of the total of the enterprise in MENA and half of the employment

Several countries in the region have implemented or initiated comprehensive financial inclusion strategies that should allow for considerable progress if they are fully implemented. For instance, this is the case in Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, or Saudi Arabia.

How can SMEs inclusion into the formal economy, boost economic growth?

The inclusion of SMEs into the formal economy gives them potential access to larger amounts of financing through the banking system or through alternative sources of finance, such as capital markets. Our work shows that increased financial access can be a source of substantial benefits for economies in the region, both in terms of growth and job creation.

In addition, the holistic reform strategies that we recommend to achieve greater SME financial access could also bring about broader economic benefits, as they could trigger a virtuous circle of greater transparency and reduced informality of SMEs.

How can we improve SMEs access to finance in the Middle East?

As noted, key priorities in the region are economic development in general, governance, and control of corruption, credit information availability, economic competition, and the quality of the business environment.

Let me also highlight here the potential importance of alternative or new channels of SME finance. Experience in other regions shows that capital markets and, increasingly, fintech, can play a role in facilitating SME access to financing. In these areas, again, the region has a lot of progress to make to develop the ecosystems needed to scale up these channels.

The post Egypt among countries that have made great strides in achieving financial inclusion of SME’s: IMF Middle East, Central Asia Adviser appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

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Accepting failure necessary for boosting entrepreneurship: Kurtenbach Mon, 11 Feb 2019 08:30:28 +0000 The Egyptian finalist of ATX + EGY will attend SXSW in March 2020

The post Accepting failure necessary for boosting entrepreneurship: Kurtenbach appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

While Egypt’s government pays remarkably increasing attention to boosting entrepreneurship sector, in collaboration with its international partners including the US embassy in Egypt, the African Development Bank (AfDB), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and others development partners. Austin city in Texas is considered the best place in the United States to start a business. Austin is a successful model that Egyptian authorities can benefit from its flourishing experience.

“Accepting failure is a key to boost entrepreneurship in Austin. We have a very supportive community which doesn’t refuse trying. Austin’s business environment is open and welcoming all start-ups’ ideas,” David Kurtenbach, international programme coordinator at Austin’s Economic Development Department, said.

Daily News Egypt sat down with Kurtenbach for an interview over his last week’s visit to Egypt for launching the ATX + EGY entrepreneurship programme. The interview’s transcript is below, lightly edited for clarity,

Would you please tell us about the purpose of your visit?

I am here to attend the launching of the ATX + EGY entrepreneurship programme under sponsorship of the US embassy in Egypt. My main goal is to boost Austin’s international relationships and help Austin’s businesses expand. We are a small team, but we work very hard.

ATX + EGY is a training programme including 30 participants in Cairo from various areas in the Creative industries, including visual reality, gaming, visual arts, music, fashion, and food.

ATX + EGY is a type of cooperation project between Egypt and Austin for boosting entrepreneurship in Egypt. We will bring the participants down to 10 finalists who will be hosted in Austin for 10 days in May 2019 to attend the Austin Small Business Week. We will help them to enter the US business. An eight-member delegation from Austin will visit Egypt to participate in the RiseUp summit in December. We are looking for investors and decision makers to participate in the event, and then we will take one Egyptian finalist to Austin in March 2020 to explore business opportunities with American investors.

The project will cost about $300,000. The main partners are Austin city and the American University in Cairo (AUC). Egypt is a strong emerging market (EM) and home to one of the most promising start-up scenes in the world as the population is robust with a rich supply of dynamic and talented young people influencing the local community with their cutting-edge ideas.

Egyptians are historic powerhouses in the creative industries: film, media, food, and music. Like many countries, Egypt is currently focused on rebuilding their economy, but with a little access to resources and capital, according to the US embassy in Egypt.

Lack of access to resources and capital is a barrier to the success of many promising start-ups in Egypt. Limited funding resources for digital or technology-based products or services in Egypt’s creative sector is an inhibiting factor in the overall growth of the local start-up ecosystem.

Lack of exposure to potential investors in international markets means the talents and potentials of many entrepreneurs in Egypt go untapped. Additionally, Austin companies are pursuing international expansion into Ems, like Egypt, but lacking contacts and technical resources to expand.

We will help entrepreneurs to know how to break in to Austin’s market and to the US generally. Austin’ small business week has a significant programme for fashion and arts. Austin has a very creative scene.

The programme’s finalist will participate in South by Southwest programme (SXSW) – an annual conglomerate of film, interactive media, music festivals, and conferences – which will take place in mid-March in Austin.

The SXSW is a massive cultural music festival where many companies were launched, for example Twitter was launched there. It is a centre for creativity and innovation. Last year, representatives from about 95 countries participated in.

What about the Egyptian applicants? Which sectors are they interested in?

Egyptian applications were very diversified. There are very wide areas, including accessories, wood supplies, building materials, virtual reality, and traditional applications.

Will you invest in one of those applicants’ projects?

We do not have that direct aim as we just help the applicants to better implement their ideas, then we can put them in touch with angel investors. Angel investors do not regularly invest in ideas, but people. They also take into consideration the social and environmental dimensions.

What will ATX + EGY do?

ATX + EGY will connect the vibrant community of entrepreneurs, creatives, and investors in Austin’s start-up scene to those in emerging startup communities in Egypt to help achieve the following objectives:

The programme will introduce Austin entrepreneurs to creative talent, production, and potential growth opportunities in Egypt.

It will provide formalised opportunities for Egyptian start-ups to introduce their companies to potential US investors, Venture Capitalists, Private Equity firms, and mentors in order to grow their businesses domestically and internationally.

The programme will also provide a platform for entrepreneurs and start-up incubators/accelerators in Austin and Egypt to collaborate on.

These projects will strengthen the entrepreneurial ecosystems in their respective communities. The programme will explore collaboration opportunities between Egypt’s thriving technology, consumer, and creative industry and Austin’s creative and technology industries.

The progamme will also provide a critical joint talent development training for Austin and Egypt-based start-ups to build a pipeline of strong human capital which is key to long-term success.

Developing a comprehensive entrepreneur tool will help growing start-up businesses which also will include effective pitch development and preparation strategies, international travel and business registry applications guides, understanding term sheets, etc.

The AUC Venture Lab will work with lead incubators like: GrEEK Campus, Injaz, Al Maqarr, Flat6Labs, Nahdet el Mahrousa, TIEC, Egypreneur, and Shekra to distribute the critical skills tool-kit to strengthen the capacity for startup activity beyond the reach of this year-long programme and extend an enduring impact to non-programme participants.

Is ATX + EGY’ entrepreneurship programme governmental?

It will be conducted under the sponsorship of the US Department of State, but we have like a partnership with the private sector. In Austin, we are linking governmental and private entrepreneurship efforts, so it is more than governmental programme.

Do you implement this programme in other countries?

Yes, this kind of programme is for the emerging markets. We are implementing it in Pakistan, with particular focus on fashion. It is a long-term programme, however it goes beyond its implementation period.

In Austin, we have other programmes with Canada, China, Germany, the UK, Mexico, Australia, Singapore, and others. Austin is the fastest city for growing business in America. Last year, 150 people have moved to Austin daily. It is the number one rated city to start a business.

What are your recommendation to enlarge the sector’s participation in Egypt’s development? How do you assess the local efforts in this regard?

My job here is to get in to the community and meet people who aim to develop their businesses with their international partners. We aim at achieving mutual benefits, so I don’t have the enough knowledge about the situation here to assess it. However, we will help companies to expand and get more customers.

How can Egypt benefit from Austin’s experience in boosting entrepreneurship?

Entrepreneurs don’t have to go in to the cycle, but they have to go as fast as they can. The community in Austin accept failure. Personally, I failed twice before I achieve my current successful project.

We have a very supportive community which helps entrepreneurs to restart and rebuild. People will help you. We have a healthy competition where competitors help beginners and introduce them to people who can help.

Austin is relatively cheap in comparison with other cities, such as San Francisco. Every country has her own experience, so we can’t say that Egypt has to follow particular steps as the US to gain same benefits. There is no one model that can be implemented in all countries. However, the supportive environment is a key element for success.

DNE obtained some information from the US embassy in Egypt about ATX + EGY. It aims at forming meaningful partnerships with economically strong markets, like Austin – the Live Music Capital of the World and No.1 place to start a company for five years in a row, according to Forbes – which will only increase the likelihood of sustained success for the metropolitan centres of Egypt.

Creative industries across the globe are converging with the tech community and Austin is proud to be home to most of the major tech brand innovation centres, like Google, Apple, General Motors, LatinWorks, Merck, Oracle, IBM, Whole Foods Market, and Electronic Arts to name a few. Austin’s people are early adopters to new ideas and understand the immense value of diversity. In fact, over 20% of the Austin population is foreign born, but the city lacks cultural adeptness in the Middle East economy.

As Egypt gains momentum in the private sector, the business community in Austin recommends being a supportive partner in that growth. Lack of access to resources and capital is a barrier to the success of many promising start-ups in Egypt. Limited funding resources for digital or technology based product, goods, or services in Egypt’s creative sector are inhibiting factors in overall growth of the local start-up ecosystem. Lack of exposure to potential investors in international markets means the talent and potential of many entrepreneurs in Egypt goes untapped.

Additionally, Austin companies are pursuing international expansion into emerging markets, like Egypt, but lacking the contacts and technical resources to expand.

Since 1990, as bigger companies cut 4m jobs, small businesses added 8m new jobs, according to the US Small Business Administration.

The US embassy said that ATX + EGY Launch will collaborate with the leading incubators and accelerators in Austin in order to curate a mix of entrepreneurs as well as mentor internationally focused investors to work with the Egyptian start-up companies as they prepare for the final ATX + EGY showcase.

This will provide the groundwork to maximise the potential value for the Egyptian start-ups companies as they explain their organisation’s achievements during the formal pitch session at the conclusion.

The showcase will offer Egyptian start-ups the opportunity to formally seek seed or growth stage funding from a group of investors; furthermore, the investors will also be serving as the judging panel for the ATX + EGY launch programme showcase. Investors will be invited to participate in the showcase based on a high level of interest and ability to fund seed or growth stage investment in Egypt.

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Resilience is core of entrepreneurship: Moustapha Sarhank Sun, 10 Feb 2019 09:30:33 +0000 Entrepreneur’s journey from ‘tuna can year’ to sound leadership, ethics in business

The post Resilience is core of entrepreneurship: Moustapha Sarhank appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

Most people know him as one of Egypt’s leading businesspersons, while others will have come across his speeches for MBA students, or the essays which he has been writing for years in the fields of the interrelations between religion and leadership, as well as the role of ethics in business.

On his official profile, Moustapha describes himself as the “custodian of the group’s nine commandments,” which are “divine reverence, paternal admiration, friendship deference, familial awe, modesty, respect, honour, quest for knowledge, and discipline.”

On the characteristics of being a leader, Moustapha has a different perspective. He believes that feelings are the basis of becoming a leader as he asks, “Aren’t we all human beings?” 

When you take a look on the soft-spoken Egyptian businessperson who was born in 1963, the first thing you notice is a cloud of serenity which surrounds the man and his office. He believes that each businessperson has a certain set of priorities which he/she aims to achieve, while most of them believe that it would be failure not to achieve these goals, thus they fully dedicate all their efforts to achieve these priorities. While doing so, they tend to forgo a lot of important things in their life.

When it comes to the work-life balance, Sarhank does not believe in the term as he explains, “I do not think that there are two sides which we need to balance. Rather, they are two facets of the same coin. Why should you live two lives? It is actually only one life which has multiple components, one of which is your work, and the other one is your personal life, there is also an additional third component which is spirituality.”

According to Sarhank, if a person is leading a happy life, he/she will work with the same attitude, similarly if that person is content with his work, he will return home in a delighted manner. The issue is how can a person keep the flare constantly alive, “which brings me to the very beginning of how I started it all,” Sarhank said.

Sarhank graduated from the American University in Cairo with a major in economics. However, he always felt that there was something which he wanted to accomplish, but did not know what it was, at the time. He kept on asking himself whether he wants to continue working in business, or to pursue an academic career. He stated “I always had a feeling that I want to teach, to engage with people, and be able to deliver messages.”

The business leader declared, “At the end, I said so be it, I will further pursue academia, and will get a master’s degree in economics. After completing the coursework, and before my dissertation, I was called upon my family to take care of our business. To be honest, I did not feel that this was the path I wanted to pursue.”

However, he did it anyway and started working as a sales administrator at a company, which at the time, was the agent of a company called Digital Equipment Corporation, the nemesis of IBM.

Moustapha Sarhank

Yet, his feeling that he does not fit persisted, so he started wondering if he should start learning something new. He recalls that at the time, the owner of the company told him that the USAID is providing a fund for Egyptian companies, which provides assistance through the advice of retired officers who previously worked at big corporates.

Afterwards, a retired corporate officer from Booz Allen Hamilton came to assist Moustapha’s employer for six months. Accordingly, Moustapha became his apprentice, and helped him in all ways as he carried his bags, and even picked him up from the hotel where he resided.

During that time, he was handling the formation of a new business unit, which was responsible for mergers and acquisitions (M&As). Sarhank was therefore able to learn about this field, which was completely new to him.

Yet, the same urge that he wants to do something else persisted. He described that there was an inner voice which kept telling him “Moustapha, this is not your path.” After thinking thoroughly, he figured out that he had an affinity for technology, yet he did not know where to start.

At the time when Moustapha started searching for inspiration, just to find out that the world started to move from mainframe and mini frames to a new concept – at the time – called personal computer (PC), which was the focus of various companies, such as DEC, IBM, Commodore Technology, and many others.

“I thought that I need to find something that would give me an edge, consequently, I took the decision to go and knock on the doors of big software multinationals,” he recalled.

In order to achieve that, he went to a business centre – at that time, a business centre was a place which you subscribe at in order to use their facilities, from telex, international calls, etc. He sent a telex for 100 companies, only four of which responded.

For those who responded, Sarhank stated they were “Ashton-Tate, WordPerfect, Computer Associates International, and finally a company called Microsoft,” narrating, “Microsoft, as I found out, specialises in operating systems and office tools.”

Sarhank elaborated, “I felt that it would be a good fit, so I decided to pursue it. In order to do so, I walked up to my boss and asked him to partner with me in order to start a PC related business,” continuing, “I suggested establishing a training centre for PCs, and he liked the idea.”

Afterwards, they agreed that Moustapha’s boss will provide the location and the computers, while Sarhank will supervise the sales and management. The profits’ split was a 70/30.

The leading businessperson recalled, “We started in Cairo’s ‘World Trade Centre’ where he had his company, which was IBM’s agent in Egypt, and it was called the Egyptian Computer Systems. After a year, we reached the break-even point. Afterwards, I decided to leave and start my own journey.”

Sarhank’s entrepreneurship journey started with him establishing his own company, then he travelled to the US in order to meet with representatives from Microsoft, which was a $92m company at the time. After the negotiations, Sarhank became their first agent in the Middle East. “When I started, people did not know what MS-DOS was, and some of them even thought that MS stands for Moustapha Sarhank, however, I faced huge difficulties at the time, the most prominent of which was piracy,” he reminisced with a smile.

As many successful entrepreneurs, Sarhank’s journey was not smooth in its beginning as he had to overcome plenty of pitfalls. For example, after an incorrect product pricing, he went bankrupt, which was the first hit. Yet as an entrepreneur, whom he believes thrive by failing and through embracing failure, as well as by knowing how to fall and stand up again. He recollected, “At that time, I was married, which was a huge blow. I had to sell my watch in order to sustain my life, yet I continued, and after one year I brought another company to Egypt, that company was Oracle.”

Once again, for different reasons, such as a change in customs duties, he went bankrupt for the second year. This time he had to sell his own car. The third time which he named the ‘Tuna Can Year’ as he could only afford eating tuna cans for the whole year, “My wife had to sell her gold so that we can survive,” he said.

He further explained, that one day, as he was reading an article, there was a sentence which stated “Diamonds are formed from pressure,” which made him stop and think, “Since I did not break the first time I went bankrupt, or even the third time, it seems that there is resilience which resided somewhere inside of me,” he told himself at the time.

Afterwards, Moustapha stood up again on his feet, and started working to make both companies succeed, as he was going about that, the family business called upon him, and he was informed that the time has come for him to take care of the family business.

He narrated, “We used to work on different sectors, including defence in which we used to do systems integrations, oil and gas, and especially jet fuel importation, agriculture, and portfolio management. We had a division which is located in Geneva which used to handle all the family holdings in terms of management.”

All of the sudden, he found himself the head of a huge organisation. In order to fulfil his obligations, he decided to ‘close the door’ on himself for a period of six months in order to study everything about his new position. To achieve that, he brought advisers and consultants to re-educate himself.

After years under his management, in 2007, the US technology giant, IBM, acquired Sarhank Group’s stake in an IT firm called Internet Security Systems Middle East.

During his journey, Sarhank reached a very interesting set of views on spirituality and ethics, as he believes that ethics and business cannot be divided. It is either you are ethical or you are not, “We should really stop and think about what we call the Sunday-Monday disconnect. We should not switch camps, going on Sunday to the church, or Friday to the mosque, and then on the following day, we start to act differently,” he stated.

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Egypt on right track, patience required till full implementation of economic reform plan: Elgarhy Wed, 06 Feb 2019 08:00:57 +0000 I am optimistic about future of Egypt’s economy; government, businesspersons alike must do more

The post Egypt on right track, patience required till full implementation of economic reform plan: Elgarhy appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

Within the past few years, a number of emerging businesspersons, in their late 20s and early 30s, proved themselves in various fields, employing the implementation of the economic reform policy to play a role in supporting the state to continue its achievements.

In an exclusive interview with Daily News Egypt, Mohamed Gamal Elgarhy, Vice chairman ang managing director of El Garhy group, member at the metallurgical chamber at the Federation of Egyptian Industries (FEI), head of the specialised committees secretariat at the ‘Mostakbal Watan’ party and a member of Al Ahly Sporting Club’s board, revealed how he could played multiple roles in a short period of time.

Elgarhy also expressed his optimism about the future of Egypt’s economy, but the government, in his perspective, must work hard to ease the impact of the economic reform methods, and called on all businesspersons to stand hand-in-hand with the state to finalise it.

He also thought that it is too early to evaluate what has been achieved in the economic reform plan till the entire implementation of its procedures.

An onto the text of the interview, the transcript for which is below, lightly edited for clarity:

As a businessperson, how do you evaluate what has been implemented in economic reforms until now?

It is too early to judge the reform plan and its procedures, but, without question, economic reform procedures are successful till now. Economic stability is tangible, and the market really feels it now. In addition, all declarations that were stated and the indicators that are measuring our economic reform from international authorities reflect the improvements that the Egyptian economy is achieving. I consider what we accomplished until now is a starting point for further development. The economic reform programme is not yet not fully completed for it to be judged or evaluated.

Does it mean that the reform plan is not yet effective?

It is no longer true. It was necessary to implement this economic reform plan at this time. Undoubtedly it caused some troubles for all Egyptians and we are still facing them, however, we need to be patient and to be responsible until the plan’s procedures are completely implemented, in order to overcome its difficult aftermaths. So, I call on all businesspersons in Egypt to play a role in overcoming the consequences of the economic reform, and to lend a hand to citizens as a key role in getting over this serious stage. For instance, our company coped with this through increasing salaries by 30% to ease the financial burdens on our employees.

Some think that the timing of this plan was not ideal, what do you think?

It is certain that this plan is necessary for Egypt’s economy to move in the right direction, with a proper execution to ensure success. And I am sure that the average person is going to reap the benefits of these procedures and perceive its positive consequences, especially that a notable share of the state’s resources are allocated to serious sectors such as the health care sector, with President Abdel Fattah Al Sisi’s efforts to beat HIV through the ‘100 Million Health’ campaign, in addition to his ‘Nour Hayah’ initiative which aims to treat diseases which cause blindness and poor vision, targeting the inspection of five million elementary school students and two million needy people nationwide. Under it, one million prescription glasses will be provided and 250,000 eye operations will be performed to those who need them. Such significant efforts cannot be denied not only in the health care sector, but in other important sectors including education, infrastructure, building, and construction sectors.

For the private sector, what is the role it should play in this serious phase?

The private sector has become the main provider of employment in Egypt, so to speak. It is the engine to jump-start Egypt’s economy. I believe that it has to play a key role in social responsibility. A ‘better Egypt’ should be its target, helping the state to ease the burdens shouldered by ordinary people. Playing this role is important in order to be able to produce, as, eventually, people are the customers who consume our products and we must keep them and play a role in their lives, especially in this critical period. In this regard, many initiatives have been launched until now aiming to stand by the people, in addition to fixing the negative impacts caused by implementing the new economic policy.

Do you mean supporting the state to overcome all obstacles?

The state cannot provide such efforts alone. The private sector, including Egyptian businesspersons, must stand side-by-side with the state to provide relief to poor and low-income families and to all who are suffering now through participating in development and charity efforts. Allow me to use the example of the economic downturn that hit US in the 1930s and how the social responsibility of the private sector played a key role to push the markets to improve, mitigating the impact of this recession that hit the globe.

Then, what is the role you are currently playing now in view of that?

We are already playing our role in this regard, cooperating with number of charity entities, such as the ‘Tahia Masr’ fund and introducing food aid to the most needy villages in addition to boosting the ‘Dignified Life’ initiative recently launched by President Al Sisi to serve the neediest people through introducing some aid to the neediest villages. In this regard also, we are in the process of establishing the El Garhy for Social Development Society to play our social role in a regulatory framework.

Are you optimistic about the future of Egypt’s economy?

The economic reforms which have been achieved in the past few years enhanced Egypt’s competitiveness, putting Egypt’s economy on a course where it could thrive. Actually, I am optimistic about the future of Egypt’s economy, but the government should exert more effort to educate people of the significant benefits of the economic reform procedures simultaneously with their implementation in order to overcome any attempts to frustrate people.

And what about the investment atmosphere?

The improvement that Egypt’s investment atmosphere is experiencing currently is clear, and we are seeing all the efforts introduced by the state to lift the burdens that investors are facing. The proof in this regard is Mercedes-Benz’s return to the Egyptian market. Furthermore, Apple expressed its interest to inject new investments in the Egyptian market. Undoubtedly, such big corporations would not come to invest in our market if they did not trust the investment climate in Egypt. They are positive of the benefit of investing in our market.

But investment is a constantly changing sector, so it needs continuous reform procedures and facilities, and not simply settling for what has been achieved.

As an investor in one of the most important industrial sectors, steel manufacturing, which competencies make El Garhy able to prove itself among other giant rivals?

El Garhy Steel has all the strong, fair competitiveness factors, as we have qualified technical staff who are enhancing our competition in the market. Our vision is based on considered economic plans and integrated strategy which aims to improve our working mills along with establishing new steel mills, to produce the required essential lines that the steel industry is founded upon. These essential lines, actually, are partially imported. Following that line, we enhance our products’ quality, thereby increasing our business share in the market, as we plan to double our production by 2020 after adding new production lines.

In view of higher global steel prices and the impact of the floatation of the Egyptian pound, what is you forecast for steel prices?

It is strange that some thought that the price hikes of steel in the last years caused increases in investors’ profits in this sector, considering it as an increase in profit margins. Indeed, steel is a strategic commodity. However, although Egypt’s market is currently following a free enterprise economy which set commodities’ prices according to supply and demand rules, steel prices are set according to lines’ prices that are mostly imported which already have experienced significant hikes in their prices in recent years. Moreover, higher prices of fuel and gas are essential inputs in the steel industry.

You have succeeded to become a part in the sports and political scene as well. What about your political role now?

The secretariat is one of the party’s central secretariats which is responsible for considering and preparing projects and documents related to public policies in all fields. Once I am tasked, I carefully prepare a strategy which stems from the party’s general strategy, aiming to make the secretariat a source of new initiatives and creative ideas in addition to drafting new laws. So we rely on experts, public figures, former ministers, and academics to work professionally without have it conflict with our policy of empowering the youth.

Does this role add to your experience?

The ‘Mostakbal Watan’, (A Nation’s Future)  party has become one of the most important parties in Egypt, as it has a large number of members, especially from the youth category, and has premises and activities in governorates from all over Egypt. The party also carefully and consistently improves all its structures. So, it has a notable existence in the political scene now. On the other hand, it has an influential, large parliamentary bloc that plays a significant role in the legislative reform process, contributing in preparing new draft laws and discussing others. I think that ‘Mostakbal Watan’ has all the potentials; political, human, and technical capabilities which can be tapped to achieve significant amendments in Egypt’s legislation which can make Egypt thrive, forming a nation’s future identity. We cannot also deny its role in social activities, and its close connection with the people and their daily sufferings, as well as introducing some social initiatives to cope with the hard impacts of the economic reform measures.

What about ”Ataqa’s’ performance in 2018 as one of the biggest companies in Elgarhy group?

Misr National Steel “Ataqa “is one of El-garhy Group’s companies and its financial performance in fiscal year 2017/18 positively affected the equity performance as the company registered EGP 200m in 2017 in profits, reached over EGP 190m estimated profits till the third quarter of 2018. Its equity was trading at a lesser value with an estimated profit factor did not exceed three times only.

Let’s talk about your role in the sports scene as a member of Al Ahli Sporting Club board?

Indeed, investment in the sports atmosphere in Egypt needs serious legislative amendments, especially that since the new Sports Law has been released in 2017, the market did not experience the establishment of any company for sports investment, although it dedicated an entire chapter in the law for investment.

How do you assess the new sports legislation and the investment chapter included?

Actually the law needs to be reconsidered. It requires essential amendments. In this regard, the secretariat of specialised committees in the ‘Mostakbal Watan’ party, in collaboration with the sports committee in the parliament, has prepared a proposal for a new sports draft law aiming to improve the investment atmosphere in Egypt.

Is the sports field an attractive sector for investors to compete in to become members in popular club boards or to finance their activities?

Sports in general, and football game in particular, are an attractive sector for investment. Remarkable businesspersons all over the world significantly invest in such sectors in recent years. Although the football industry in Egypt has not developed yet, yet there is a chance to attract investments to this sector. Let me say that the social responsibility for businesspersons is to motivate the entry into this sector as football games have become one of the key factors which inspire people, making them happy. For sports in general, our role is to sponsor Egyptian champions in various fields, helping the state through this sponsorship to achieve triumphs in all games, and on the other hand to relieve the burdens on the state.

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Chile likely to discuss inking free trade agreement with Egypt in 2019 Mon, 04 Feb 2019 07:00:48 +0000 Bilateral trade exchange to increase by 20% per year, says former Chilean ambassador

The post Chile likely to discuss inking free trade agreement with Egypt in 2019 appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

Chile aims to discuss inking a free trade agreement with Egypt during 2019 which will increase the trade exchange at least by 20% per year, according to Fernando Zalaquett Sepúlveda, former ambassador of Chile in Egypt.

Sepúlveda added that the trade exchange with Egypt is estimated at $100m, affirming that his country is keen on boosting bilateral relations with Egypt in all levels including the economic, political, and cultural aspects.

Daily News Egypt interviewed Sepúlveda, where he gave a conclusive look of the situation in Egypt as well as an assessment of the bilateral relations, the transcript of which is below, lightly edited for clarity:

Initially, you stayed in Egypt for over three years, so how do you assess bilateral relations during your mandate?

I left my position as Chile’s ambassador to Egypt on 31 January 2019, after staying here on the top of the Chilean mission to Egypt for about three years and four months.

What is your second destination after Egypt?

In February I will assume my position as new ambassador of Chile in Ethiopia. I will also be a representative of Chile to the African Union (AU) because Chile is an observer country in the AU. It will be a very interesting and challenging new professional destination.

The situation in Egypt is safer than some years ago, so it is a good time for tourists to come and visit the country. I also noticed very important economic improvement under the leadership of president Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi. The country accomplished substantial economic reforms in 2016 which positively affected the country’s economic position.

Are there any new Chilean investments in Egypt?

Actually, we have a very important and big petroleum company which is working in Egypt since 2002. It is our national petroleum company ENAP Sipetrol. It has a joint venture with the Egyptian side. It invests about $400m in five petroleum fields.

On 27 February 2017, the Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, Tarek El Molla, met representatives from ENAP Sipetrol, where the company affirmed its strong desire to expand investments in Egypt’s Oil and Gas fields during the coming period.
The minister pointed out that they reviewed the government’s economic reform programme and methods of creating an investment-attractive environment, as well as the latest developments in the Egyptian petroleum industry, according to a past statement.

Would you please elaborate about the Chilean investments in Egypt?

There is the Crystal Lagoons company in Egypt which is a leading Chilean company working in Egypt’s real state sector.

Crystal Lagoons, a leading international water innovation company, has opened a regional office in Cairo, highlighting the company’s commitment to Egypt, according to past media reports in 2017, adding “Patented in 190 countries worldwide, Crystal Lagoons is now involved in projects worth over $5bn in Egypt, with a total of 13 contracts signed, and a further 10 at various stages of negotiations in Cairo, the North Coast, Ain Sokhna, and Hurghada.”

We hope new Chilean companies will invest in Egypt. We are working on boosting Chilean investments in Egypt and attracting new companies. last year, we signed a commercial agreement with Egypt to boost investments and bilateral trade.

we are looking forward to starting conversations for inking a free trade agreement with Egypt this year. The free trade agreement is key to promoting our bilateral trade, as Chile has signed about 26 free trade agreements involving about 60 countries.

What is the amount of Chilean trade exchange with Egypt?

It is still modest at about $100m. However, after the expected agreement, it will be boosted by 20% at least.

What about touristic relations?

We are working on improving touristic relations. There are only 200 Chilean tourists visiting Egypt annually, but if we can have direct flights from Cairo to some destinations in south America as São Paulo, Brazil and Buenos Aires, Argentina, the tourists figures will hike.

Would you please elaborate about cultural relations?

We always organise cultural activities like presentations of Chilean writers and artists. Last December, we organised a seminar with the National Museum of Egyptian Civilisation (NMEC) to discuss shared experiences in the archaeological field. We have great knowledge sharing in archaeological experience with Egypt. Experts continue this kind of cooperation. I would like to underline that relationship is excellent over all aspects.

Last year, we had our political dialogue. We aim to improve bilateral trade.

We also organised a seminar with the World Bank (WB) in 2016 about the Chilean health reform. Plus, we organised a conference with the National Women’s Council in Egypt, where we hosted a former female minister to exchange experience about human rights in both countries.

We are involved in boosting Chilean investments in Egypt, so we brought a very important public and private delegation in the business sector and held a seminar about business opportunities, and we are also working to establish a joint business council. It was great honour to represent Chili in Egypt.

I think Egypt is a country that has written a universal glory story. There are incredible opportunities in this country. I have received the affection people everywhere.

Who is the new ambassador of Chile in Egypt?

Pablo Arriarán Ahumada who was serving in Argentina, before Egypt. I am sure that he will continue working on achieving an excellent relationship between both countries. We have established our diplomatic relations over 90 years ago in 1929.

During the 1950s, we had a resident ambassador here in Cairo. I think that our relationship is very fruitful and successful, and all the activities are implemented in a spirit of great friendship.

Notably, the Chilean Minister of Foreign Affairs, Roberto Ampuero revealed the appointment of Pablo Arriarán Ahumada as new Chilean ambassador of Chile in Egypt, according to Chilean Ministry of Foreign Affairs in December 2018.

Pablo Arriarán is a public administrator from the University of Chile and a graduate of the Andrés Bello  Diplomatic Academy. He has a master’s degree in International Relations from the University of Victoria, in Wellington, New Zealand (1998), as well as a Diploma in International Economic Relations from the Universidad Mayor de Chile (1994).

During his career he has served in the Chilean embassies in Gabon, Kenya, New Zealand, the United States, Ecuador, and Argentina, where he is currently working.

In Chile, he has served in various directorates of the ministry of foreign affairs, among which are cultural affairs, environment, multilateral policy, international and human security, as well as the General Directorate of International Economic Relations in APEC matters. He has been deputy director of personnel and deputy director of ceremonial and protocol.

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Future of cash: will it become obsolete? Wed, 30 Jan 2019 10:00:59 +0000 Transforming Egypt into a digital society starts with online payments

The post Future of cash: will it become obsolete? appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

Egypt’s President Abdel-Fattah Al-Sisi wants to modernise the country by improving the telecommunications infrastructure, establishing smart cities, and enabling citizens to use digital services. “We are on the right path toward a digital society,” Al-Sisi stated at the Cairo International Exhibition and Conference on Telecommunication and Information Technology last December.

This month, Egypt hosted the second edition of the Financial Inclusion Global Initiative Symposium, which is organised by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), jointly with the World Bank Group (WB) and the Committee on Payments and Market Infrastructures with the support of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

The country is one of three countries, alongside China and Mexico, to receive technical assistance from the Financial Inclusion Global Initiative community to promote digital financial inclusion.

Daily News Egypt interviewed Bilel Jamoussi, the Chief of the study groups department in the Telecommunication Standardization Bureau at the ITU, and Amr Moussa, the minister advisor for digital economy at the Egyptian Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (MCIT), as well as Ehab Nasr, the head of payment systems at Central Bank of Egypt (CBE), attempting to get a clear picture of how Egypt’s adoption of cashless payment will proceed.

Three challenges face adoption of e-payments: ITU official

How does the ITU see the Egyptian government’s efforts to upgrade the IT services?

The ITU is proud that Egypt is one of the three countries we work together with in order to implement digital financial inclusion, the programme is under the supervision of the ITU, jointly with the WB, and with the support of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

We work with the National Telecom Regulatory Authority (NTRA), the MCIT, the CBE, and the Financial Regulatory Authority in order to find solutions for legislative and technical issues, so that the implementation of financial inclusion in Egypt happens faster and in a more comprehensive way.

Egypt Post plays a key role since it has the ability to reach all parts of the country, as it exists in all the Egyptian villages and in all regions. Additionally, there is mutual trust between the post’s employees and the community. This trust enables the digital financial inclusion become easier.

Today most of Egyptians have a mobile phone, even if it is a simple mobile phone. By using it, citizens can have an access to banking services through sending and receiving money and by paying for services. This is the objective of the digital financial inclusion in Egypt, China, and Mexico.

Bilel Jamoussi

What are the challenges that could impede the implementation of the digital financial inclusion?

The first challenge is the legislation because the financial and technological sector are different sectors with different ministries. This occurs in all countries of the world and not only in Egypt, so there must be a constructive dialogue between the officials of the telecommunications sector and the banking sector in order to find solutions regarding the legislative and technical issues in order to find solutions for the Egyptian citizen.

On the technical aspect, there are three challenges. The first challenge is the acceptance of electronic payments, so the merchant and customer must have the tools which enable them to use digital payment rather than cash.

The second challenge is the presence of a digital identity, as we cannot talk about digital transactions without a digital identity, it is actually the cornerstone for building confidence in electronic financial transactions.

The third challenge is having a strong infrastructure of cybersecurity in order to encourage people to have confidence in digital financial transactions. The team which deals with this matter should have many protocols to be used to create secure transactions between the citizen, who uses the mobile phone, and the merchant.

Those are the three challenges, and we try to find solutions for each country which applied for financial coverage including Egypt, China, and Mexico.

What are the other programmes which the ITU is working on in Egypt?

One of the most important goals we have is to help facilitate communication in all countries. Today, 50% of the world’s citizens have access to the internet, and the other 50% need to have access as well. This is the most important concern for the ITU. Our duty is to connect citizens and enhance communication in all countries of the world.

Our second task is to build services such as financial services, health services, as well as transport services, those are the ITU’s strategic goals.

Some people have concerns that the use of technology will increase unemployment, what is your opinion on that matter?

The internet, mobile phones, and other technological tools are actually creating new jobs and new opportunities, and the investment in the ICT sector can result in 10 times higher profits. We can create job opportunities, and even export software services. I think this fear is subjective and incorrect. The world’s fastest growing countries have invested in the ICT sector.

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Vicat: 15 years leading cement industry, development in Egypt Mon, 28 Jan 2019 07:30:21 +0000 'We support Egypt's economy, confident in return of stability to Sinai': Guy Sidos, Group CEO

The post Vicat: 15 years leading cement industry, development in Egypt appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

Jacques Merceron-Vicat, honorary chairperson of the Vicat Cement Group, said that the Egyptian economy is taking positive and steady steps forward, thanks to the policies adopted by the political leadership over the last four years. He also praised the parliament’s approved laws which have corrected and improved the investment climate, therefore it succeeded in attracting more foreign and Arab investments into the Egyptian market. He informed Daily News Egypt that the company is committed to staying in the Egyptian market even in the most difficult conditions, when the state was facing terrorism in Sinai.

“Day after day, we were confident that stability will once again prevail in Sinai,” he stressed. This is what took place thanks to the great efforts exerted by political, military, and security leaders in Egypt. “I therefore emphasise that we are remaining in this country to support its national economy,” he added.

Guy Sidos, chairperson and CEO of the Vicat Cement Group, described the Egyptian market as a one with the tools and the means to withstand all the obstacles it faces. He highlighted Vicat’s pride regarding its presence in the Egyptian market, and the successes it has achieved for 15 years since it started its investments in Egypt in 2003, through its partnership with the Sinai Cement Company. 

DNE interviewed the Vicat company decision makers, the transcript for which is below, lightly edited for clarity:

We would like to know more about Vicat International, can you elaborate?

The company was established in 1853 by Joseph Vicat. It is a family-owned company with its headquarters in Paris. Vicat is currently led by the seventh family generation, who are developing the group and all its branches across the world in order to provide the best materials used in the construction industry to remain concurrent of the great progress the world is witnessing in this industry.

Who is Joseph Vicat?

Joseph Vicat is the great grandparent of the family, who discovered the composition of the present cement mixture over 160 years ago, which is one of the most important inventions in the history of humanity. He offered it to the world for free, as he believed that his invention represents a humanitarian and civilisational value which cannot be monopolised. Vicat shared this invention to participate in the renaissance and development of several nations over a century and a half ago. At Vicat, we are extremely proud of our long history and Joseph Vicat’s invention.

After all this experience, how did you develop?

Vicat Group is one of the world’s leading companies in the cement industry with more than 160 years of experience. It has participated in a substantial number of construction projects around the world, in addition to its efforts to reach new discoveries which can contribute toward the improvement of the industry.

The year 1974 marks a major turning point in Vicat’s success when it acquired the US-based Ragland Cement Plant, which was the first step in the group’s global expansion strategy.

What are your other expansion locations?

Vicat’s expansion plans for the cement industry so far include 12 countries worldwide. For example, we started investing in Turkey in 1991; Senegal in 1999; Switzerland in 2001; Egypt since 2003; Mali in 2004; Kazakhstan since 2007; India and Mauritania in 2008, in addition to Italy and the United States.

When did you decide to invest in Egypt?

Vicat decided to invest in Egypt in 2003, when the board of directors of Sinai Cement asked Vicat to enter as a partner for its competence and reputation throughout the world. Back then, the Egyptian market was one of the most promising markets in Africa and the Arab world. Therefore, we decided to invest in it following comprehensive studies which confirmed its strength, diversity, and ability to expand.

How do you view the current situation of the Egyptian market?

First of all, we emphasise our great confidence in the Egyptian market, and I think that the difficult times have passed, and that in the coming period Egypt will be able to harness the benefits. The Egyptian economy has the tools and capabilities which enable it to withstand and overcome all the obstacles in its way, and it is taking positive, solid steps forward in view of the courageous corrective decisions taken during the last four years.

An important factor which has greatly improved the investment climate in Egypt is the availability of political leadership, the important measures taken by the government, and the economic laws approved by the Egyptian parliament, which provided Egypt with an attractive environment for investment-all confirmed by figures from international financial institutions.

How did you face the recent crisis in Sinai during the escalation of the war on terror?

We believe, like the Egyptian people, that Sinai is indeed the land of turquoise. It is God’s paradise on earth, so we did not abandon Egypt even in its most trying circumstances, although we suffered quite a few losses during that period of time. Day after day, we were confident that calm and stability would return to Sinai once again. This is what took place thanks to the great efforts exerted by political, military, and security leaders in Egypt. I therefore emphasise that we are remaining in this country to support its national economy.

What are the future plans that you intend to accomplish in Egypt?

To begin with, I would like to point out that Vicat has invested over €200m in the Egyptian market since its entry into the Egyptian market. We have an extensive vision of the Egyptian market. We are considering pumping €30m in the coming period to develop the Sinai Cement Factory, as it is the main company stakeholder. We also aim to expand vertically and horizontally, both in terms of production or organisationally to cover all the requirements of the local and regional markets.

What is your role in community service in Sinai?

Vicat is a family company and we understand the importance of development of the communities in which we work. We consider every market we invest in as part of us, so we aim to develop it. Community service is at the top of Vicat’s global priorities. Since our presence in 2003, we had various successful initiatives which benefited plenty of Sinai people. These initiatives were carried out through the Sinai Cement Company and factory, not directly on behalf of Vicat. During the past period we have conducted detailed surveys and in-depth studies to identify the services we can provide in this area to the people of Sinai, especially after calm and stability has been re-established. Currently, we are considering a number of options which are available to us to provide more support to the people of Sinai.

How do you comply with environmental standards at Sinai Cement?

One of the main priorities of Vicat-Egypt is the application of international standards and environmental requirements for the cement industry. This approach is adopted by Vicat’s global strategy and we use the latest scientific research to avoid damaging the environment. You can see this through your visit to the factory, in addition to the strict supervision of the state agencies in this sector.

Can you tell us about Vicat’s products?

Vicat produces various types of cement and concrete mixtures which are suitable for all projects and are compatible with different environments, temperatures, atmospheric pressures, wind, and water. This includes Portland cement, Portland composite, Blast furnace cement, Slag cement, and Pozzolan cement, as well as various types of concrete.

What are Vicat’s most important projects?

Vicat has contributed to several major projects worldwide, which have been directly dependent on our products: hydroelectric power plants in Dumlupınar and Bukakisla in Turkey, where over 66,000 tonnes of cement have been used in construction.

We also built the north highway A41 in France, where we used 70,000 tonnes of cement, which opened in 2008.

There’s equally Saint-Gervais in France; the covered market in Poulencrain, France; the Mesolls tunnel in Switzerland, and the Mediterranean Palace in Nice, France.

Louis Vicat

Vicat: radical new family that changed world

Vicat Group takes pride that it was founded and has continuously expanded under the designation of Louis Vicat, the inventor of cement. The group managed for over 160 years to preserve the family spirit, appreciative of what their grandfather presented to mankind. The seventh generation of Vicat grandchildren are now managing the group. They were able, through continuous research, to enhance the products and cope with the latest construction technologies, in order to contribute to the development of various nations around the world.

Vicat produces a large variety of products including cement and concrete mixes that suit all types of projects. They also suit various environmental conditions, temperatures, and air pressures. The products include:

Cement 1 (Portland cement), Cement 2 (Composite Portland Cement), Cement 3 (Furnaces Slag Cement), Cement 5 (Slag Cement), Cement 6 (Buzlana Cement).

This is in addition to the concrete produced by the group including self-compacted concrete, high performance concrete, added concrete, and coloured concrete.

Vicat Group participated in a large number of substantial projects all over the world which directly depended on their products.

The group operates in more than 11 countries around the world.

Their first investments was in the US in the late 1970s, then in Turkey in 1991, Senegal in 1999, Switzerland in 2001, Egypt and Italy in 2003, Mali in 2004, Kazakhstan in 2007, Mauritania in 2008, and in India in 2012.

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Egypt’s reform programme revives growth: French Ambassador Mon, 28 Jan 2019 06:30:43 +0000 Large French business delegation will visit Egypt in the coming month, says Romatet

The post Egypt’s reform programme revives growth: French Ambassador appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

Last week, Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly met French Minister of Economy and Finance Bruno Le Maire and his accompanying delegation in preparation for the upcoming visit of French President Emmanuel Macron to Egypt.

During the visit, Madbouly stressed the need to strengthen ties between Egypt and France. Moreover, both countries showed interest in deepening mutual cultural cooperation.

The Egyptian-French cultural year 2019 is going to hold several surprises, such as a special cultural programme will be established to reflect the scientific, historical, cultural, and artistic cooperation between the two countries, according to Egyptian ambassador to France and Egypt’s permanent representative in the UNESCO, Ehab Badawy. 

Badawy praised the cultural co-operation between Egypt and France which reflects the solid ties between the two states.

French ambassador in Cairo Stéphane Romatet told Daily News Egypt that Egypt has exerted significant economic reform efforts, rendering it as one of the biggest countries in the Mediterranean region in terms of growth rates.

Romatet noted that France supports Egypt and informs its European partners that the Egyptian government is on the right track in terms of economic and social reform.

He noted that France is keen on expanding bilateral relations between Egypt and France on all levels in the current period.

Daily News Egypt interviwed Romatet to discuss his vision regarding the Egyptian economy in the new year and the French government’s efforts in supporting Egypt , the transcript for which is below, lightly edited for clarity:

What are your expectations regarding the Egyptian economy in the current year?

If you compare the Egyptian situation today with what it used to be even two years ago, the change is dramatic and positive, as growth is back and the deficit is down,  and confidence is growing. Of course, there are some difficulties, however, inflation is down and reserves are better. French companies are seeing that things are moving in Egypt and they are now paying great interest to the Egyptian market.

Indeed, after 2011, all the Egypt’s foreign reserves faced difficulties and Egypt was not the best place to invest in, but now after the improvements in the economic situation, and with the prospects in terms of growth, along with all projects going on in Egypt, reveal that Egypt is back.

Moreover, I feel when I discuss with French companies that that they now consider Egypt as a place of investments.

Do you think that in 2019 there will be French foreign direct investments (FDIs) coming into the Egyptian market?

We are working toward that because we sent very simple messages to French companies that this the best time to come and invest in Egypt.

What are the most promising sectors for French companies in Egyptian market?

I think it is infrastructure; the field in which French companies are strong in, especially in the light of Egypt’s megaprojects and French companies should have a presence in these projects. In addition, the smart cities which are being developed by Egypt need energy and innovative models of transportation and other infrastructure. Plus, pharmaceuticals is another field of interest too.

In your opinion, what are the most important megaprojects the Egyptian state is currently developing?

All the projects of new cities such as the New Administrative Capital, New Alamein, New Mansoura and other cities that have been recently launched by the state.

There are also the megaprojects in the transportation field such as high-speed trains, the monorail, the metro as well as tramways in Alexandria, where we are working hard to present French offers.

These projects are of great interest in France, especially the remarkable cultural projects such as the Grand Egyptian Museum, as well as the museum of the city of arts that will be established in the New Administrative Capital because France is a country of culture. Therefore, everything related to culture we would be interested to work with Egypt in.

Do you think that in this year we will see a flow of French tourists coming to Egypt?

The situation is better because of the stability of the country. Recently we have modified our travel ban to Sharm El-Sheikh so we see now French tourists coming back to Sharm El-Sheikh.

Figures are on the rise and this is a good time to come back to Egypt. In 2010, French tourists reached one million and the numbers of our tourists were very low in the years following 2011. However, we hope to see 300,000 French tourist visiting Egypt in the current year. Nevertheless, I think year after year and with the improvement of the situation and the floating of the currency, will make Egypt a very attractive tourism destination.

We work hard to promote Egyptian tourism to French people as they have a passion for Egypt and we are used to saying that Egypt is a French passion. They want to come back to visit the country, especially with the improving in the security situation and its very positive economic state after the devaluation of the Egyptian pound value. All of these conditions are very good catalysers for French people to come to Egypt.

For example, this year, which is a high season after 2011, you will hear many people speaking French, who are coming back, and these figures will increase and the trend is very positive.

Therefore, I expect that French tourism will flourish again in Egypt following the political stability and security experienced in Egypt over recent years. The number of French tourists who visited Egypt last year reached about 150,000 people.

What are other educational and culture cooperation between Egypt and France?

Cairo and Paris exchange views on reinforcing cooperation in the cultural and educational arenas, including developing the French University in Egypt.

Furthermore, France is interested in enhancing its relations with Cairo, especially in educational and research joint projects.

Over and above, France is ready to provide French expertise in the health sector to Egypt.

How do you see Egypt’s current reform programme? Additionally, what are results you imagine see happening?

It was very difficult decision but it was quite courageous.

These decisions revive growth, and the global economic outlook will of course be positive, but we cannot ignore that it has some social consequences and difficulties and that is why France provides a social protection aid for Egypt as the success of the economic reforms is very important.

Noteworthy, in the coming years we will continue to support this programme and expand our cooperation with Egypt in this regard.

What is the amount of funds allocated by the French government for Egypt?

Every year we finance several projects in Egypt, namely social protection projects, budget assistance technical and strategic assistance too, in addition to supporting other developmental projects.

I hope that we can work even further in this technical assistance and financial support because Egypt needs to succeed in its reform project.

We are now preparing for our four-year programme which will be announced soon, and hopefully we to be able to do even better in term of assisting Egypt for the success of its reform programme and its vision.

What is the value of French investments in Egypt?

The French embassy is coordinating with Egyptian partners to attract foreign investments in different sectors, especially energy. Egypt and France are bound together by good economic relations. French investments in Egypt amount to about €4bn and the number of French companies operating in Egypt are about 160 companies.

Shall we expect a French businesspersons delegation visiting Egypt this year?

Yes, we are working on a big French business delegation to visit Egypt in the coming month comprising of large companies and small and medium-sized-enterprises (SMEs) in different sectors because I think that there are many opportunities are available for SMEs in Egyptian market.

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Developing reserves, increasing revenues, reducing pollution priorities in 2019: Environment minister Sun, 27 Jan 2019 16:28:14 +0000 Greenhouse gases in Egypt are 1% less than global level

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The Minister of Environment, Yasmine Fouad, said that the ministry’s plan this year focuses on three axes, which are to develop the natural reserves, increase their revenues and marketing, establish landfills for waste and intermediate stations, as well as to reduce pollution.

She added that the coming period will witness the entry of three environment-related laws into the House of Representatives as a system without legislation will not be useful. These three laws include the Law of the Economic Commission for Natural Reserves, the Waste Law, as well as the Environment Law, which seeks to integrate the environmental dimension in all fields.

She explained that natural reserves must achieve an economic return, and to be utilised in proportion to their current conditions. The ministry also aims to market these reserves in order to attract tourists and increase revenues.

Moreover, studies and plans for the establishment of landfills and intermediate stations have been completed. Plans have been finalised for 27 governorates, and studies were carried out in order to develop each governorate separately, in addition to completing the Waste Law.

Fouad elaborated, “We have an integrated system for the number of landfills and dumps needed in each governorate. There is a cost for building and equipping the landfill, and therefore it is a medium-term plan which will be carried out over two years.”

She referred to the signed agreements worth €25m to finance the pollution control projects in industrial establishments within the Industrial Pollution Control Programme, which is a tool assisting industrial facilities to adjust their situation through a 20% grant, and the rest through a soft loan.

The minister also said that the government is striving to achieve the UN goals for sustainable development in order to protect the environment. The tourism, energy, and industrial sectors are some of the most affected sectors from climate change, which is considered a developmental challenge, and such a project today helps to achieve gains for all the sectors.

Greenhouse gases in Egypt are 1% less than the global level, and everyone is seeking to eliminate them. Egypt is capable of undertaking several initiatives in all the sectors in order to achieve the success of the environmental system.

Furthermore, Fouad stated that the ministry of environment prepared a clear roadmap and has thorough information on the problem of waste collection across the country. The ministries of military production and local development both have the necessary tools to achieve the overall system’s success.

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Ericsson encourages legislators, regulators to reduce investments obstacles, ensures 5G frequency allocated: CEO Sun, 27 Jan 2019 15:30:57 +0000 Company’s investments in R&D positioned it to benefit from strong momentum in global 5G market, says Ekholm's

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In an attempt to turn the tides after the company suffered an operating loss in the last three months of 2016, Ericsson hired as CEO, Borje Ekholm, a Swedish business insider and veteran board member. Since Ekholm’s surprise appointment as CEO in 2016, Ekholm has been working toward restoring profitability by shedding costs, terminating unprofitable units and contracts, and making the networks business a 5G market leader.

In the third quarter (Q3) of 2018, the wireless network maker’s results indicated the growing interest of worldwide carriers in investing in 5G services.

Daily News Egypt interviewed Ekholm, during the World Economic Forum annual meeting 2019, in Davos, to find out about Ericsson’s future plans, his method for improving profitability, keeping the current growth momentum going, as well as his thoughts on how the 5G technologies would change the way we are living.

And onto the interview, the transcript for which is below, lightly edited for clarity:

Ericsson’s Q3 results showed earnings increase beating analysts’ expectations, what are the main drivers for growth?

There is strong momentum in the global 5G market with lead markets progressing. The global radio access market is recovering from several years of negative growth and our investments in research and development (R&D) have well-positioned us to benefit from this development.

Can the company’s witnessed growth in North America be replicated in other regions, especially in the MEA, considering the fierce competition from other regional players?

North America is indeed the leading 5G market. But there is a great interest and positive momentum in all parts of the world. One critical factor is the availability of the frequency spectrum and other factors that may slow down 5G investments. This is, for example, one of the reasons why Europe is somewhat behind.

What is Ericsson’s competitive edge when it comes to 5G?

Ericsson has a large established base in networks around the world, and as of 2015, we have shipped base stations that are software upgradable to 5G. This is something that is quite appreciated by our customers. Another thing is that we have a favourable long-lasting customer relationship with mobile operators across the world.

Do you see 5G as the new ‘space race’ between nations?

Ericsson’s focus is on our customers and to deliver competitive solutions based on our leading technology. However, obviously, 5G is important for all countries since it will be a critical part of countries’ infrastructures.

How can we decrease the connectivity gap, and reduce the inequality of access to technology?

The information and communications technology (ICT) offers an important platform for achieving the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals. Every goal – from ending poverty and halting climate change to fighting injustice and inequality – can be positively impacted by ICT. Ericsson was one of the first pioneers of what is today referred to as “ICT for development,” with some of our main efforts dating back to the mid-2000s.

What can governments do, to increase the affordability of 5G, and increase its implementation rates?

The buildout of 5G networks is essential in order to enable new services and faster connectivity that will benefit consumers, businesses, and society. Ericsson encourages legislators and regulators to ensure that investment obstacles are reduced and that the frequency spectrum for 5G is allocated without delay.

How will 5G transform the way we currently live?

5G will take mobile communication toward a new era, connecting not only people but also anything that will benefit from being connected. We call this the internet of things (IoT) and it will positively contribute to the digitisation of entire countries, particularly through enhanced industrial competitiveness, improved socio-economic conditions in service sectors, and last but far from least contribute to a sustainable society. In addition, experience shows that new communications technology will lead to new innovations that today we may not be able to predict.

Recently, national security concerns have been on the rise, with doubts over the implementations of 5G by some companies, do you believe those concerns towards 5G are exaggerated?

We focus on providing competitive solutions and technology that comply with the high-security requirements demanded by customers and authorities. Furthermore, security is a core design feature of the 5G standard and architecture and compared to 4G networks, as 5G offers important improvements from a security point of view, hence providing strengthened security for end-users.     

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Minister of Petroleum, Mineral Resources: realisation of 11 gas, oil projects during next FY Sun, 27 Jan 2019 15:29:54 +0000 Egypt's natural gas production increased to 7.5 bncf/d

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The Ministry of Petroleum aims to operate and develop 11 projects for the production of gas and oil during the fiscal year 2019/20, in the deep water areas of the Mediterranean Sea, the Delta, the Gulf of Suez and the Western Desert.

The projects are expected to add about 2.5bn cubic feet of gas per day (bncf/d)and more than 32,000 barrels of crude oil and condensates to increase production and compensate for the natural decline rates of the wells, according to Tarek El-Molla, minister of petroleum and mineral resources in an interview with Daily News Egypt.

El-Molla explained that the projects include the completion of the development of the Zohr field to reach maximum production, and the development of the Raven gas field, which represents the third phase of the fields of northern Alexandria, the West Nile Delta and the fields southwest of Baltim, Western Borlos and the stage 9 B West Delta and the second phase of the fields of North Sinai, along with several projects in the Delta.

This is in addition to the implementation of projects north-west of October in the Gulf of Suez and the development of the Bat, Iris, and Qasr in the Khalda Petroleum Company fields in the Western Desert, as well the project to increase the capacity of marine shipping facilities for crude oil for the Western Desert Operating Petroleum Company (WEPCO).

He pointed to the increase in gas production rates to about 7.5 (bncf/d), crude oil and condensates to about 700,000 barrels per day, during the next fiscal year (FY) to contribute to secure the needs of the domestic market of fuel products.

Furthermore, he noted that the Italian Edison Company has allocated about $4bn for gas exploration in two areas of the Mediterranean.

The investments are divided into about $2bn for each region. The ministry and the Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company (GAS) are following up on the operations currently carried out by the company in exploration programmes in both regions, he indicated.

He said that the company has completed a three-dimensional seismic survey programme for an area of more than 2,600km in the area north of the Theka concession area and plans to begin digging another exploratory well in this area during the current year.

Edison also plans to dig another exploratory well in the north-eastern region of Ras Habi during the same period, after the completion of the ongoing programme to reprocess three-dimensional seismic data for an area of 2,000km.

The minister of petroleum said that three international bids will be put forward for oil and gas exploration this year by the Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation (EGPC), EGAS, and Ganoub El Wadi Petroleum Holding Company, which will float the first bid for the Red Sea research.

El-Molla said it is planned that foreign investments during the current FY will reach over $10bn to search for oil and gas and develop the discovered fields.

Moreover, he pointed to the growing oil activity and projects implemented as a result of the success of the ministry’s strategy to attract more investors and encourage international companies operating in Egypt to pump more investments.

Investment in exploration and field development also recorded $10bn in 2017/18 and 2018/19, he said.

In a related context, the minister of petroleum, said that the plan is to complete the implementation of the direct gas pipeline between the Aphrodite field of Cyprus and Egyptian liquefaction facilities in four years.

Moreover he remarked that the preparations for the implementation of the project, after the signing of the joint government agreement between Egypt and Cyprus—which is the first of its kind in the region— will maximise the economic utilisation of Egypt’s infrastructure in the field of natural gas and the discoveries of Cypriot gas in the eastern Mediterranean.

The ministerial meeting of the Eastern Mediterranean Gas Forum that will be held by the end of April to discuss and complete the establishment steps of which is an important and necessary move, paving the way for activating Egypt’s role in the exploitation of natural gas in the eastern Mediterranean through the infrastructure it owns, declared the minister of petroleum.

He added further that the forum will contribute to achieving great returns for Egypt to become a regional centre for energy trading.

The forum will also contribute toward achieving the optimal economic exploitation of the infrastructure of natural gas and attracting more investments, securing energy sources to meet the needs of the country and provide jobs, and the provision of foreign exchange.

Meanwhile, the minister of petroleum said that the government is continuing to implement the reform programme for the energy subsidies system, which started in 2014 for rationing the subsidy, while taking many measures for the social protection of lower-income classes to protect them from the effects of correcting the pricing structure of petroleum products.

He added that the reform of the system of energy-oriented subsidy comes with the aim of correcting the pricing system of petroleum products, which will positively contribute toward achieving optimal economic utilisation of petroleum products and rationing consumption.

El-Molla also mentioned the provision of fuel subsidies to increase spending on social protection programmes and necessary services such as education and health, and to achieve liquidity for the oil sector in order to enable it to continue to playing its primary role in meeting the needs of the domestic fuel market.

He imparted that the energy subsidy had negative effects on the Egyptian economy, and did not benefit the target groups, while the wealthiest seized the largest portion of the subsidy allocations.

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Egypt is capable of independently manufacturing its weapons: Minister of Military Production Sun, 27 Jan 2019 15:21:11 +0000 Ministry aims to increase cooperation with private sector, not to control market

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Mohamed El-Assar, the minister of military production, said that the ministry is seeking to meet the needs of the armed forces in some projects, as the threats currently present in the region and instability surrounding Egypt at the regional and international levels may continue.

He told Daily News Egypt that Egypt is capable of producing its weapons independently and could cooperate with foreign countries to establish factories to manufacture weapons, as well as develop them in order to manufacture 100% Egyptian-made weapons.

Furthermore, he said that the ministry’s participation in the ongoing national projects does not distract it from its main and basic tasks with respect to the military’s production of products of the armed forces. He stressed that military products of the armed forces are the ministry’s primary role.

Moreover, he pointed out that all military production projects in the current year are aimed at the welfare and service of the youth and the national economy, as well as export development and the reduction of imports.

In addition, he referred to the project of water saving faucets which were afforded to all bodies and houses, stressing that the faucets provided are currently available in the market at a price of EGP 40.

The ministry of military production launched three guidance and awareness issues within the water conservation campaign: ‘Water Saver, Water Catalogue and the Extension Video’, within the framework of the expanded campaign between the ministries of endowments, military production, water resources and irrigation to ration the use of water.

Al-Assar stressed that the factories and military production companies pay all their financial obligations such as taxes, customs, insurance, water and electricity in order not to be a burden on the state, but an added value in both military and civil production.

Furthermore, the ministry of military production and its subsidiaries increased revenues in the fiscal year 2017/18 by 30% over the previous year to reach EGP 11.6bn compared to the previous year of EGP 8.9bn.

He added that the ministry’s participation in the new waste system will be based on scientific perspectives, and will not be limited to the ministry’s factories but will include the private sector and foreign companies.

Likewise, he declared that the military production aims to increase cooperation with the private sector for economic integration, which is in the interest of the Egyptian economy, and that the ministry does not seek to dominate the market and perceives genuine honest competition.

Al-Assar said that the vision of military production is to be an advanced industrial institution that is keen to provide added value in the state’s 2030 strategy.

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5G here, to reach 17% of subscriptions by 2024: Fida Kibbi Sun, 27 Jan 2019 15:00:12 +0000 In Egypt, 5G will become reality in 2020, says VP, Head of Marketing, Communication Ericsson MEA

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The 5G hype has been ongoing for years, from extremely fast gigabit speeds that will allow users to download full-length films in mere seconds, to disrupting the world of conducting business.

Now 5G is finally becoming a reality, as in October 2018, Verizon started offering 5G fixed internet wireless access in the US using Ericsson technology, and the real commercial beginning of 5G is expected this year.

To get a glimpse of how the 5G revolution would affect the Middle East and Africa region (MEA), Daily News Egypt interviewed Fida Kibbi, VP and head of marketing and communications for Ericsson MEA.

Kibbi revealed during a media visit to Ericsson’s Experience Centre in Santa Clara, California, that in the MEA, total mobile data traffic is expected to grow by nine times between 2018 to 2024, marking the highest global growth rate.

She also revealed that by the end of 2018, over 20% of all the MENA’s mobile subscriptions will be for long term evolution (LTE), while in Sub-Saharan Africa, LTE will make up just over 7% of subscriptions.

Futhermore, she added  that Ericsson expects commercial 5G deployments with leading communications service providers by 2019 in the MENA region to reach significant volumes by 2021.

Kibbi also explained that 5G adoption rates would be extremely fast, reaching unprecedented levels, even faster than the way 4G subscriptions grew. Consequently she believes that out of the total of 8.9 billion subscriptions expected by 2024, 17% will be 5G.

And, onto the interview, the transcript for which is below, lightly edited for clarity:

What are the main challenges that face 5G in the MEA region?

When it comes to demand, the telecommunications industry is in great demand. People want to remain connected. Also, it is not a problem of technology, as Ericsson’s innovation, and that of others, solves this problem. The main challenge is the business model, for data monetisation, automation, or digitisation is still not 100% well structured by telecom operators.

Plus, it is a spectrum, when we speak of availability, regulations, challenges, etc.

We have a study which we will publish soon, called “The sunset of GSM”, extolling the utilisation of the GSM infrastructure to support 5G, once that is achieved.

What about Egypt’s case, any future plans?

We consider Egypt as a very important market, with substantial potential. We are planning to increase our activity in the country, to meet this increased potential.  During Cairo’s ICT 2018 we signed a memorandum of understanding with Telecom Egypt to explore 5G options.

The four telecom operators in Egypt expressed great interest to launch 5G, but, to be frank, it will take some time, as 4G was just recently launched in the country, so it not yet fully tapped.

For consumers, 4G delivers the experience, such as decreased latency, greater capacity, etc.., so for the time being it is still desirable. Handsets won’t be a challenge, the technology is already here. But companies don’t want to offer the devices as 4G is still not yet fully utilised, so perhaps by 2020 5G will become more of a reality.

In you mobility report, we can see a remarkable increase in data consumption per capita, and the main driver is affordability, so how can we make connectivity more affordable?

When it comes to affordability, it is not just about networks, governments too play a very critical role in the operation of, for example, how to secure coverage in rural areas. Also, taking into consideration the macro economic challenges and differences between countries-along with smartphone affordability-some manufactures offer very affordable handsets, which will increase connectivity.

And, as I said pricing is essential, as well as finding a way to gain revenues, through packages conceivably, or maybe through focusing on 5G for enterprises. And this is currently happening, perhaps not at a very high pace especially in Africa, where technology adoption is moving slower than in other parts of the world.

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Every Egyptian household would have at least one direct or indirect worker in tourism: Al-Mashat Sun, 27 Jan 2019 14:44:08 +0000 Structural reform programme includes institutional reforms, legislative reforms,promotion, marketing activities, infrastructural, tourism development

The post Every Egyptian household would have at least one direct or indirect worker in tourism: Al-Mashat appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

The tourism sector in Egypt suffered a downturn since the 2011 Revolution, and the sector in Egypt suffered a devastating blow, especially when a Russian passenger plane crashed in Sinai in late October 2015 and all its passengers were killed.

Notably, following the plane crash, Russia imposed a travel ban on Egypt, while the UK suspended all flights to Sharm El-Sheikh amid concerns over the airport’s security measures, banning travel to Sinai

Meanwhile, since 2018 the sector began to revive again, regaining its position once more, as Egypt is a country strategically located on both the Mediterranean and Red Seas, with incredible gorgeous sandy beaches, astonishing landscapes, a warm winter climate, and, undoubtedly the world’s largest collection of historical sites, temples, pyramids, and artefacts

Thus Earlier, Minister of Tourism, Rania-Al-Mashat, said earlier that the number of tourists to Egypt increased by 40% during the first nine months of 2018 (9M18), compared to the same period last year.

Furthermore, an overwhelming majority of tourism experts are projecting that 2019 is the year of opportunities for the tourism sector, thus Daily News Egypt (DNE) was eager to learn from the Minister of Tourism, Rania Al-Mashat, about the ministry’s upcoming plans.

Notably, the minister stated during the 2019 World Economic Forum’s annual meeting in Davos, that 2018 was one of the strongest years for Egypt’s tourism, asserting that the ministry aims to further boost the sector during 2019.

Al-Mashat told DNE that the ministry’s vision is based on reaching a sustainable tourism sector through implementing structural reforms which will strengthen the sector’s competitiveness, and are with international standards.

My ultimate objective as the minister of tourism is to eventually have at least one individual from each Egyptian household working either directly or indirectly in the tourism sector,” she added.

In terms of the government’s plans which aim to develop the tourism sector, the minister noted that there is a structural reform programme which includes different pillars, such as institutional reforms, legislative reforms, promotion and marketing activities, infrastructural and tourism development, as well as the global trends programme.

Al-Mashat revealed, “We are also looking forward to complete developmental projects in 67 touristic areas, through expanding Egypt’s current capacity of 89,993 hotel rooms to a total of 238,114 rooms, by completing the ongoing construction of 55,121 rooms in touristic areas, as well as fostering the construction of additional 183,000 rooms subject to the supervision of the ministry’s Tourism Development Authority (TDA).”

She further elaborated, “In addition to enhancing the existing infrastructure in the TDA’s touristic areas to include 168 water desalination stations with capacity of 222,516 cubic metres per day, 226 sewage treatment stations, 508 electric generators and stations with a capacity of 380.2MW, 478km of road network, as well as  technical and financial support for urban touristic destinations in governorates which are excluded from the TDA’s jurisdiction in order to create new job opportunities.”

Moreover, Al-Mashat pointed out that the ministry is planning to set a strategy for sustainable tourism development to extend until 2030, which aims to diversify Egypt’s tourism product, increase the number of tourists’ nights in the country, as well as create direct and indirect employment with the community’s integration.”

Discussing Egypt’s touristic base, the minister declared that the ministry aims to diversify the revenue streams and increase the sector’s resilience by attracting new markets. She explained that this could be achieved through increasing promotional efforts in new source markets, including Asia (particularly China), East Europe (especially Ukraine), and Latin America. This could be carried out through organising workshops with Arab states (particularly countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council) in order to determine the most effective promotion tools, in addition to participating in national and international conferences to promote Egypt as an attractive and an all-year-long touristic destination.

She revealed that during the period from January to October 2018, European tourists represented 61% of the total number of tourists who visited Egypt during that period, while tourists from the Middle East represented 21.68%, Africa only 7.15%, Asia with 5.62%, and America with 3.94%, while other countries represented only 0.61%.

Furthermore, the minister stated, “We are also seeking to launch a People to People (P2P) campaign, which will portray Egypt not only as a prime touristic destination, but will also shed light on the diversity of the Egyptian people by showcasing Egyptians who master various disciplines to include art, sports, music, and culinary activities.”

“The P2P intends to shift tourists’ perception on the one hand, and encourages community engagement on the other hand,” Al-Mashat explained. 

She ensured that sustainable tourism is not just about places, but is also about the people and communities living in those locations.

The ministry is also looking forward toward promoting the opening of the Grand Egyptian Museum, one of the largest museums in the world.

Moreover, Al-Mashat stated that the ministry seeks also to adopt modern, digital, and competitive promotion approaches through branding by destination, creating an identity for each of Egypt’s tourism destinations, in addition to launching new campaigns in order to showcase Egypt’s contemporary dimension.

She also assured that utilising the ministry’s presence at international travel exhibitions in order to employ its full promotional potential—while focusing on quality not quantity—is very important

Our goal is to improve and elevate the skillset of the tourism sector’s workforce, through different procedures such as cooperating with the private sector, technical and vocational education training, reaching out to donors and supporting civil society organisations, in order to conduct training courses to improve employee skills, and also through rehabilitating and restructuring the ministry’s training centres,” she declared.

Moreover, Al- Mashat continued, “This is in addition to building a pool of accredited trainers and specialists in the various tourism fields, developing and updating the training programmes according to the latest international standards, and establishing a unified accreditation system in order to ensure a streamlined standard of qualification for the entire workforce, which will be issued by the ministry.”

Likewise, the minster explained that her ministry also plans to ensure that the quantity of the workforce, and its quality, meet the labour market’s needs, by implementing a plan to enhance the graduates’ of hotel and tourism faculties qualifications in order to meet the sector’s requirements.

Over and above, Al-Mashat stated that the sector will also be enhanced through developing specialised technical training programmes for graduates and job seekers in various tourism fields, setting criteria for job admissions in cooperation with the responsible chamber, conducting comprehensive assessments of the ministry’s staff training needs, as well as developing programmes in order to enhance the employees’ soft skills

Moreover, we seek to redefine our partnerships with the various intergovernmental organisations and foreign developmental agencies, in order to work toward achieving the sustainable development goals (SDGs) through identifying crosscutting areas regarding the SDGs and tourism, and by identifying national partner ministries to cooperate with on various sustainable tourism projects, in addition to pinpointing international partners to collaborate with, implementing sustainable tourism projects as well as establish a ‘Sustainable Tourism Unit’ within the ministry,” she noted.

Similarly, Al-Mashat stated that the government seeks to integrate the local community and enhance their development—especially those who live around Egyptian cultural heritage sites—in collaboration with international donors through implementing a USAID project on “Sustainable Investment in Tourism in Egypt”, which aims to link cultural heritage assets to tourism developmental activities, and to improve the skills of workers, in collaboration with the ministry of antiquities.

This is in addition to building connections between cultural heritage sites and the surrounding communities, in order to provide incentives for the local inhabitants to protect and preserve the sites. Moreover, the project aims to protect and restore cultural heritage sites from damage caused by ground water intrusion, and to produce sustainable site management plans for cultural heritage sites, in collaboration with the ministry of antiquities,” she further explained.

The ministry wants to ensure that existing international grants are utilised effectively in order to meet the ministry’s vision, through monitoring all the grants provided to the ministry by the various donors, reviewing all the bilateral agreements to ensure their effective utilisation, and through exploring cooperation opportunities with new donors to make use of foreign expertise,” she elaborated

Plus, Al-Mashat revealed, “Our plan also includes liaising and supervising the Hajj and Umrah in order to ensure the successful completion of each season.”

Commenting on the private equity fund, the minster explained that it aims to restructure financially impaired hotels and other tourism establishments through establishing a hotel development fund in order to provide them with capital, which enables the ministry to conduct the necessary investments. The ministry is also coordinating with experts in order to manage the fund, and with Egyptian banks with the purpose of restructuring the debt incurred from the tourism sector’s establishments.

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UNB-E aims to achieve 40% growth rate in 2019: Vice Chairperson Sat, 26 Jan 2019 21:28:24 +0000 Bank has ambitious plans to expand in SMEs to reach various social segments

The post UNB-E aims to achieve 40% growth rate in 2019: Vice Chairperson appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

The Union National Bank (UNB-E) aims to reach a 40% growth rate in it various activities in 2019, according to the bank’s Vice Chairperson, Mohamed Nasr Abdeen.

In his interview with Daily News Egypt, Abdeen said that the bank has an ambitious plan to expand the small and medium-sized enterprises sector (SMEs), targeting multiple social segments.

He stressed that the bank is exerting continuous effort to support serious investors working in the market. The bank has also played a major role in sustaining some of the companies that excavated the Suez Canal.

And onto the interview, the transcript for which is below, lightly edited for clarity:

What are the projects the bank will focus on funding to serve Egypt’s economy in 2019?

The (UNB-E) will expand in the SMEs sector to attract more clients to this important segment of the economy and improve training programmes and performance, stemming from the deep belief that this sector directly improves economic development. The bank also knows that these training programmes attract more clients.

The SMEs portfolio in the bank is worth EGP 1.3bn, A certain strategy was specified for the bank to fund SMEs to reach a 137% growth in 2019.

The bank offers funding solutions to various financing of SMEs segment clients and services which meet their needs with the highest quality possible. There is also a specialised administration for SMEs with efficient employees with expertise. This administration is constantly working to develop the sector and provide the best opportunities possible for small-scale investors.

The bank is continuously seeking to improve the efficiency of its employees in the SMEs sector to achieve the required growth in the bank’s portfolio for the sector, given its economic importance and ability to create jobs for the youth. It is also considered the backbone of the Egyptian economy and it plays a vital role in generating jobs.

UNB-E has previously launched several programmes to fund SMEs ,in cooperation with the Micro, small and medium enterprises development agency (MSMEDA). It has also sponsored programmes which aim to raise awareness regarding the basic steps of starting SMEs, including carrying out feasibility studies and managing the projects successfully, as well as offering advice on how to enter the market with new projects and approaching them successfully.

What about the loan portfolio of larger companies? And what are the most prominent sectors that the bank is funding?

That portfolio reached over EGP 6bn and was allocated to fund many projects in several economic sectors, most prominently, chemical materials, construction materials, petroleum, natural gas, and iron and steel.

Additionally, the bank is continuously making an effort to support serious investors who are working in the Egyptian market. It has also been the main source of guarantee letters in favour of companies that handled the excavation operations of the Suez Canal.

What are the new services that the bank is currently offering or plans to offer in the Egyptian market over the upcoming period?

The bank is keen on keeping up with the pace of the developments in the field of financial technology. Within that framework, the bank hopes to offer online banking through a new mobile application. It also provides internet banking through the bank’s website, in addition to a package of banking products such as loans for cars, education, real estate, personal loans, deposits, certificates and bills payment, making sure that these services are suitable for all client segments and that they meet their different needs.

What are the bank’s target growth rates in 2019?

The bank aims to achieve growth rates that reach up to 40% in various activities throughout the year.

What it the role your bank plays in supporting financial inclusion in Egypt?

Since the launch of Central Bank of Egypt’s (CBE) initiative to support financial inclusion, the bank has been taking rapid steps toward supporting the initiative and following the directives of the CBE.

We have signed a cooperation protocol with Dar Al Ma’aref to raise awareness of financial inclusion.

Generally, the bank is keen on generalising financial services of all kinds to support the Egyptian economy and its financial classifications, as well as to serve the Egyptian economy through facilitating banking transactions of all kinds, and paying attention to the low-income segments. This is in addition to teaching clients about financial products for those who are not using them, as well as helping them understand their rights and responsibilities.

The bank plays that role as an implementation of the CBE’s directives to support financial stability in the banking sector, and is strongly moving towards financial inclusion.

What’s more, during the financial inclusion week of every year, the bank expands the range of its operations to include more clients and it becomes more active in the Delta, Upper Egypt, and the Canal area, providing comprehensive consultation services based on financial needs.

How do you currently see the Egyptian economy and how do you foresee its future as well?

The Egyptian economy is based on several rules and controls. We must realise that it is taking steady steps in very difficult conditions. If we look at the situation of the Egyptian economy for over 30 years and what happened during that past period, we will witness a major leap. Undoubtedly, major projects usually have a positive strategic impact on the future and cannot be immediately seen.

At the same time, the state has been aware of the needs of the people. There are increases in incomes even though they cost the state a lot, in addition to many development projects and international relations that open doors for direct and indirect investments, thereby achieving economic development.

We are confident that the state’s attention to production and sustainable development is usually through vitals sectors, such as industry, agriculture and renewable energy, in addition to funding SMEs, as the SMEs sector is a basic pillar for generating jobs and reducing unemployment rates as well as increasing the GPD and encouraging Egyptian exports, as well as limiting imports of alternative goods.

In your opinion, what are the most prominent challenges that create obstacles for the Egyptian economy especially after a large phase of the economic programme was implemented? How can we overcome these challenges?

The challenges facing the Egyptian economy have accumulated over the years. Luckily, the political leadership is determined to find drastic solutions for these issues. Some measures that were taken to challenge the obstacles were reducing the overall deficit in the general budget, and the gradual decrease of the general and local debt.

Although the repercussions are severe, I’m optimistic, given the important developments we are seeing in the Egyptian market, such as completing major projects, which will leave a positive and ongoing impact on the economy. I must refer to the New Administrative Capital; as well as the new road network of nearly 7,000km; the Suez Canal; reclaimed lands; fish farms;, greenhouses; Sinai’s development; infrastructure projects;, elimination of slums, and more.

What are the strengths and weaknesses of the Egyptian economy?

Through the reports of international institutions, we can see that there are strengths in the Egyptian economy. It has achieved a noticeable advancement over the past two years.

This improvement included many fields, such as fighting corruption; improving competitiveness; human development;, supporting innovative abilities; developing information technology and communications; seeking to achieve economic freedom; preserving the rights of investors, as well as maintaining security.

The Egyptian economy still holds many attractive opportunities and we must continue to work harder to build this country.

Without a doubt, the Egyptian economy is able to overcome the obstacles it is facing and we cannot undermine its achievements so far.

It must be clarified that major development projects are the road to building a strong stable economy. These projects will provide food, energy, and residence, as well as create new urban communities instead of only the 6% that is urbanised.

We must all realise that Egypt has all success it takes, including major markets and human resources. The state and the people can only work hard to optimise the use of these resources in order to push the production process and drop economic difficulties.

In your opinion, what do we need to do to push Egypt’s economy to grow?

We are over 100 million people living in this country, and each person has expertise and experience and we are all efficient. We must learn to utilise our competencies well through hard work and doubling our production.

Moreover, borrowing from international financial institutions is normal and prevalent as long as the loans are used toward investment purposes, such as investing in major projects based on studied plans. Also, it is acceptable to borrow to support monetary reserves.

What is the role that banks can play to support the Egyptian economy and help it thrive?

The banks working in the Egyptian market are trusted by international financial bodies and government banks, and these institutions have dealt with one another before. Additionally, all banks are ready and willing to fund national projects based on the liquidity available in these banks, especially if these projects have competitive advantages and rewarding revenues.

Also, it is important to stress the importance of attracting foreign investments with technology and expertise in petrochemical projects, ship manufacturing and maintenance, and petroleum products storing and refining. They are all major projects which require major investments.

Noteworthy, the bank has already launched a campaign to encourage Egyptian remittances, specifically in the Emirates, for free, which greatly contributes toward improving the local economic situation.

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IDB aims to close deferred losses file completely during H1 2019: Chairperson Sat, 26 Jan 2019 21:08:05 +0000 We need cultural reform plan to develop people's awareness that to thrive we need to increase production

The post IDB aims to close deferred losses file completely during H1 2019: Chairperson appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

The board of directors of the Industrial Development Bank (IDB) aims to close the deferred losses file completely in the first half (H1) of 2019, according to Maged Fahmy, chairperson of the bank.

In an interview with Daily News Egypt, Fahmy said that the bank, under his chairmanship, dreams of the creation of a new strong and capable bank that can support the economy and serve different sectors.

He explained that the bank obtained the approval of the Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) to open nine new branches this year and aims to open 50 new branches in the coming five years.

He stressed that Egypt needs a cultural reform plan, along with the economic reform plan, to develop people’s awareness that we will not move one step forward without work and increased production.

And to the text of the interview, that transcript for which is below, lightly edited for clarity:

What dream do you wish to achieve for the bank during 2019?

I dream of ending all the problems that the bank suffers from, and to have a distinct role in financing development projects, specifically in the country, besides servicing limited-income groups and delivering the service of the state plan in development.

We believe that the bank is a unit of the banking system, although it aims for profit, but we believe that it has an important national and social role.

We dream that the bank will have an advanced status and position among the banks operating in the Egyptian market, in playing an important role for the national economy, especially for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), as well as for the industrial sector.

When we took over the responsibility of the bank it was our utmost ambition to revive the bank. However, currently, the limits were removed after achieving recent amazing results. We are now dreaming of a novel beginning for a new bank which can support the economy and serve all sectors by providing the latest series. Our team can achieve that.

What steps has the bank management taken to achieve this dream?

In order to attain this dream there are steps and procedures already initiated that we aim to complete this year.

This includes finalising the main problems that the bank suffers from, and closing the opened files to get the bank back on its feet. Moreover, we aim to make the bank strong with a solid financial and administrative position and a strong infrastructure with a wide geographical spread. Later, we will discuss strengthening the capital base and increasing the bank’s capital.

We also aim to get the bank out of the problems it suffers from. We are assisted by the CBE with a supportive loan.

The deferred losses file is one of the most important files that have been hacked. What are the latest updates on that front?

The deferred losses are clear and can easily be solved. This can be done through selling some buildings and real estate belonging to the bank which are not used. As soon as this is done, the file will be closed. This is a mere matter of time.

IDB already has many untapped assets, such as its headquarters on Teseen street in New Cairo, the bank building on Al-Galaa street, and a number of other branches inside and outside Cairo.

The market value of these assets is currently around EGP 1.5bn. If sold, they can realise capital gains of some EGP 1bn.

The bank was planning to sell those assets already during 2018, in order to direct the value of those assets to close the loss file, but the sale was postponed for the current year.

We hope to close this file completely during H1 of 2019.

If this happens and the loss file is closed, we will go to the CBE to discuss how to increase the capital of the bank.

What has been done in the bank’s administrative restructuring?

I assumed responsibility for the bank, and there was a severe imbalance in the administrative structure of the bank.

To overcome this problem, PricewaterhouseCoopers was hired to work on an administrative restructuring of the bank. This has been already completed.

We also opened the door for early retirement options for those who wish to leave. They were granted decent compensations to guarantee a good life in addition to their monthly pensions.

At the same time, a number of employees were attracted from other banks and we hired fresh graduates to implement the development plans. We hired 40 graduates so far and we aim to reach 100 in the coming period.

This comes in tandem with the work of reassessing employees’ salaries to match the market.

The first phase of the administrative restructuring has been achieved. The second phase will be continued in 2019.

What about the plan of geographical spread?

We received the CBE’s approval to open nine new branches in 2019 to cover many areas in Cairo, Upper and Lower Egypt.

We currently have 18 branches in 16 locations. All these branches need to be restructured, developed, and redistributed.

We aim to open 50 branches within five years. We are presently replacing branches as well.

We also recently relocated the bank’s main departments to the new headquarters in downtown Cairo on Kasr Al Ainy street instead of being scattered around Cairo.

What about the technology file?

We were facing a real disaster regarding the bank’s technological infrastructure, both in terms of labour systems and security. We have worked on this file with great effort, and we have come a long way in the process of development and modernisation, so we recently received a prize from the CBE for being the fastest bank in developing its technological infrastructure.

The technology development process included updating all the bank’s servers and transferring them to a safe place. The corpbanking systems have also been updated in cooperation with a European-Jordanian company. And since assuming office, we have bought all the applications and software needed for modern technological products.

We are already planning to launch mobile and internet services in H1 of 2019 to cope with the trend of the banking sector.

What about the bank’s activity and the main economic sectors that the bank will focus on in the new year?

When I assumed responsibility for the bank, the size of the deposit portfolio was only EGP 2.1bn, which is very low. In October 2018, deposits hiked to EGP 14bn.

The loans portfolio was also about EGP 3bn, and now it is up to EGP 7.6bn, growing by over 100% even though we are taking a cautious less risky approach to accomplish this.

The bank’s financial position also rose by 252%, reaching EGP 21.8bn at the end of October 2018 against EGP 16.1bn in October 2017.

Of course, repeating such jumps in the future will not be easy, given the limited size of the bank, which would impede such swift improvements in the short-term.

As for the sectors the bank is focused on, despite the small size and circumstances of the bank, it is the fifth top bank, financing SMEs, and the fourth top bank with regards to mortgage financing toward- limited and medium-income citizens across the banking market.

The bank is also active in retail banking for development purposes, such as the delivery of natural gas to homes, and has so far delivered gas to about 125,000 units.

IDB has also financed the establishment of the commodity exchange, the Rubikki Leather City, and Damietta Furniture City. It is keen to finance any project that serves the development process.

The size of the retail banking for development purposes portfolio has reached EGP 1.250bn in two years, part of which was directed to limited-income groups’ mortgage financing as part of the CBE initiative, and the other was to deliver gas to households.

What about the growth rates that the bank aims to achieve during 2019?

We have succeeded in achieving very good growth rates in 2018, reaching 36% in loans and 40% in deposits. We aim to realise growth of 25% across all sectors in 2019.

Will the bank’s revenues be affected by the adjustment of the method of calculating government treasury bills and bonds tax?

It is not likely to affect revenues, as there are alternatives to investing in debt instruments: injecting more investments into credit, which are the banks’ main activity.

Unlike the market, I personally supported this move, because it will push banks to increase lending, especially as the climate is now very appropriate for this.

We see an increase in the volume of investments in the country, which means more projects that will need funding from banks, in addition to great interest in SMEs and development projects.

It is not smart to sit on our desks and keep putting money in debt instruments for high yield. The smart move is to employ the liquidity in loans, which is also what the Egyptian economy needs.

We must put more money in the market to push growth and development. This is the role of banks and this is the professionals’ league.

Does the country’s economic situation now pose any challenges to banks?

The situation of the Egyptian economy now looks promising. It does not pose any challenges to banks, but on the contrary, it enables banks to grow and expand and achieve more profits.

I always say to the pessimists, who accuse me of being always optimistic, where were we in 2013 and where do we stand now?

Yes, there have been significant increases in prices, and this is a pill we all have to swallow. Yet, there are very positive indicators at the level of state revenues.

The events in the past years call for a lot of optimism, especially at the level of gas discoveries, which contributed to Egypt’s gas sufficiency and exports.

Tourism has also begun to recover, and Egypt is now the second largest investment-attracting country in the region. What is left now is for us to work hard.

We need a cultural reform plan along with the economic reform plan. We need to develop people’s awareness that we will not move one step forward without work, effort, and increased production.

We complain only about increasing prices, without working or even changing the culture of consumption. We want a president who has a magic wand to solve all our problems without effort or action.

If we think at the personal, family and state level, the three aspects will only advance with work.

This was our thinking in the bank, where we were all convinced that the bank will not get out of the problems it suffers from, and will not move one step without the concerted efforts of all its employees.

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Ridding NPLs is dream of Suez Canal Bank chairperson in 2019 Sat, 26 Jan 2019 19:00:42 +0000 'We managed to settle EGP 1.5bn of debts in last 18 months': Refaey

The post Ridding NPLs is dream of Suez Canal Bank chairperson in 2019 appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

Chairperson and Managing Director of the Suez Canal Bank, Hussein Refaey, dreams of ending non-performing loans (NPLs) in 2019.

He noted that the bank’s new management has managed to settle EGP 1.5bn of debt in the past 18 months.

Refaey informed Daily News Egypt in an interview that the bank also sold 12 assets with a total value of about EGP 300m, which generated an investment profit of EGP 200m, as part of the restructuring of the bank’s direct investment portfolio.

He stressed that there are many challenges and pressures on the banks’ budgets and profits during the coming period.

And to the text of the interview, the transcript for which is below, lightly edited for clarity:

What do you think of 2019 so far?

I think that 2019 will be full of challenges both at the level of the economy or at the level of the banking sector.

However, we hope that this year will see the positive outcomes of the reform programme, which began at the end of 2016 and continued during 2017 and 2018, from the flotation of the pound throughout the rest of the programme.

Although there has been an increase in remittances and an improvement in tourism, we hope that the impact of these reforms will be reflected in foreign direct investment, and that the volume of these investments will reach the level appropriate for Egypt.

The same thing goes for tourism, although it has achieved good successes over the past period, but we hope it would increase in the coming period.

The export file has also improved but not in the form we wish. The sector should benefit from the reforms that have taken place and to see the results of the price paid by the Egyptian people for the reduction of the currency in export.

It is also necessary to focus on the industry file and not only the support of the initiatives of the Central Bank of Egypt (CBE), which I do not think were enough. The ministry of industry should move as well, pen an industrial plan, and support small businesses to become bigger.

The truth is that what is happening in the industry file now are individual cases for investors who start the establishment of factories, but there is no plan to show the roadmap of the industries we actually need as a country.

The industrial plan must be present and address all the governorates of the republic according to the competitive advantage of each governorate.

The state leaves young people to decide on the project of their choice, but if there is a specific map, we can direct young people to enter the projects needed by the state.

Funding is already important and essential for any project. I think that, alone, is not enough to develop the industry.

At the bank level, what is your business plan for the new year?

I assumed the responsibility of the bank about 18 months ago, and since my presidency of the bank we developed a strategy approved by the board of directors in the third quarter (Q3) of 2017, which is the strategy we have been taking so far and continuing this year.

What are the most prominent features of that strategy?

We have already established sectors that were not previously in the bank, such as retail banking, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), and a risk sector for these projects.

We have started late in financing SMEs, so it only accounts for 5% of the total loans in the bank so far. We have a major challenge to reach this ratio of 20% set by the CBE.

To achieve this objective, the bank has signed contracts with the Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprise Development Agency worth EGP 100m to contribute to the development of this sector.

In addition, several cooperation protocols have been signed with the Industrial Development Authority and with the Information Technology Industry Development Agency (ITIDA) in cooperation with the CBE and the Egyptian Banking Institute.

The bank also participated in the initiative of Nile Pioneers, which was launched in cooperation between the CBE and Nile University, in order to contribute to the development of this sector, and to promote entrepreneurship and the development of SMEs in various stages.

The bank’s contribution to this initiative amounted to EGP 5m, which is being pumped over five years, in order to support competent students, especially those with ideas related to digital and technological products.

The bank’s board of directors has also approved the participation of EGP 50m in the Sawari Ventures Fund for investment in emerging projects in the field of information technology, representing the belief of the board of directors of the importance of technology.

What about the geographical expansion plan targeted by the bank?

The bank had a branch network of 36 branches in December 2016 and currently has 41 branches. We aim to open five new branches during the Q1 and Q2 of 2019, including two branches in Alexandria governorate, a branch in Beni Suef governorate, a branch in Qena governorate, and a branch in Giza governorate.

We aim to focus in areas outside Cairo, where we see that the governorate of Beni Suef an example of the promising areas as an industrial area with a high population and it is close to Fayoum governorate and therefore we can serve the citizens of both together. The Qena branch also strengthens the presence of the bank in the heart of Upper Egypt.

We hope that we will reach 50 branches by the end of 2019 and the beginning of 2020.

What about the bank’s contribution to the financing of major projects?

The volume of the syndicated loan portfolio arranged for major projects increased from EGP 1.5bn to EGP 5bn. The bank participated in 11 joint loans in various fields including gas, oil, electricity, real estate development and also in the field of plant development and oils.

The bank participated in a loan of more than EGP 900m in January, which was arranged for one of the bodies operating in the petroleum sector. The bank is considering participating in other loans, but it cannot be disclosed now.

And what are the most prominent files that the bank has been working on since you assumed responsibility?

The bank has come a long way in the inherited issues it has suffered from for many years.

Among those files was the non-performing debt portfolio, which accounted for about 52% of the total loan portfolio in December 2016.

The bank has managed to settle EGP 1.5bn worth of debt in the past 18 months, of which the bank received EGP 1bn of cash and EGP 500m of assets that were transferred to the bank. These assets are also sold for cash.

These efforts have succeeded in reducing the ratio of NPLs to 38% of the total loan portfolio by the end of 2017, then to 30% in September 2018, and may reach less than 25% by the end of 2018. The bank’s figures are currently under review.

Another file is the assets portfolio, which was owned by the bank to meet the debts of stumbling loans. The bank managed to sell 12 assets for EGP 300m, which achieved an investment profit of about EGP 200m.

The bank has also restructured the portfolio of direct investments by exiting long-term investments and investments that do not generate returns commensurate with the volume of investment and associated risks.

The bank has recently exited two investments with a capital gain of EGP 32m.

Moreover, in the past 18 months, the bank has succeeded in ending all tax disputes related to the stamp duty from Q3 of 2006 until the end of 2015. The entire debt has been settled and utilised after applying Law No 174 of 2018 regarding the delay waiver.

What about the employees of the bank, did you include them in the development process as well?

The emphasis has already been placed on the development of the bank’s staff skills. The training budget has been doubled, opportunities for mobility between departments have been granted, while some of them have attracted employees from outside the bank.

The branch management has been divided into six regions, all of which are headed by employees from within the bank. I would like to extend my thanks to all the bank’s employees for their efforts over the past two years, which is reflected in the performance of the bank’s results.

How do you see the future of the Suez Canal Bank in the coming period?

Despite the successes, we have a lot of challenges so that we can restore the bank to the place it was and deserves to be in.

The Suez Canal Bank was the fourth bank in the Egyptian market, before it witnessed a significant decline in its activity. We are trying to return it to its place with a fixed plan.

We have successfully attracted 5,000 new customers to the bank. The bank has also raised the EGP 2.6bn through the yield certificate, of which 50% were sold to new customers. We have also re-launched our new credit card and ATMs, in addition to the launch of thee-portfolio.

We have also submitted a request to the CBE to issue a Sharia-compliant savings certificate that we aim to introduce soon.

What are the target growth rates for 2019?

Expectations are very difficult.

I believe that there are many challenges and pressure on the budgets of banks and their profits in the coming period, especially after the amendment of the calculation of taxes on debt instruments, and the adoption of the law of health insurance, which will add new burdens on banks, in addition to the large investment cost of the presence of banks in the New Administrative Capital and the application of IFRS 9 financial instruments.

The bank has succeeded in achieving the target in 2018, which exceeds 15% in various activities, and despite the challenges we can face in 2019, we hope to reach the same rates of 2018 and exceed them and that will be around 15%.

Finally, what dream do you wish to achieve in 2019?

I dream of ending the file of bad debts and succeed in reducing the rate to less than 15% of the total loan portfolio of the bank, in preparation for ending this file in full.

We have achieved unprecedented success in this file, because it was done in a small period and on a scientific basis, through negotiations with customers, but there are some customers who are still procrastinating, and believe that the solution to the negotiation is the weakness of the bank, but this is not true. We will continue to take judicial proceedings against those clients.

The post Ridding NPLs is dream of Suez Canal Bank chairperson in 2019 appeared first on Daily News Egypt.

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